<ЗАКЛЮЧИТЕЛЬНЫЙ АКТ ВСЕМИРНОЙ АДМИНИСТРАТИВНОЙ КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ ПО ТЕЛЕГРАФИИ И ТЕЛЕФОНИИ> [англ.](Вместе с <РЕГЛАМЕНТОМ МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ЭЛЕКТРОСВЯЗИ>, <ОБЩИМИ УСЛОВИЯМИ ОТНОСИТЕЛЬНО БУХГАЛТЕРСКОГО УЧЕТА>, <ДОПОЛНИТЕЛЬНЫМИ УСЛОВИЯМИ, КАСАЮЩИХСЯ МОРСКИХ ТЕЛЕКОММУНИКАЦИЙ>, <ОБСЛУЖИВАНИЕМ И ПРИВИЛЕГИЯМИ ТЕЛЕКОММУНИКАЦИЙ>, <ЗАКЛЮЧИТЕЛЬНЫМ ПРОТОКОЛОМ>)(Подписан в г. Мельбурне 09.12.1988)


INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION
FINAL ACTS
OF THE WORLD ADMINISTRATIVE TELEGRAPH AND
TELEPHONE CONFERENCE MELBOURNE, 1988 (WATTC-88)
(Melbourne, 9 December 1988)
Note by the ITU General Secretariat
The Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Telecommunication Union (Nairobi, 1982), in its Resolution No. 10, resolved that a World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (WATTC-88) should be convened in 1988 to consider proposals for a new regulatory framework to cater for the new situation in the field of new telecommunication services. By the same Resolution, it also instructed the International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT) to prepare proposals for this purpose, and to submit them to the CCITT Plenary Assembly in 1988 for subsequent consideration by the WATTC-88.
The CCITT, in Resolution No. 15 of its VIIIth Plenary Assembly (Malaga-Torremolinos, 1984) resolved to set up a Preparatory Committee (PC) for WATTC-88, and that this PC should be responsible for preparing the draft text of the new Regulations to be submitted to the IXth CCITT Plenary Assembly in 1988.
The PC held four meetings and included in its final report, submitted to the IXth CCITT Plenary Assembly (Melbourne, 1988), the draft International Telecommunication Regulations. The IXth CCITT Plenary Assembly transmitted this final report to the WATTC-88.
The Administrative Council of the Union, at its 42nd session in 1987, adopted Resolution No. 966, in which it resolved that the WATTC-88 should be held at Melbourne from 28 November to 9 December 1988, inclusive, and established the agenda of the Conference.
In accordance with that Resolution of the Administrative Council, the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference convened at Melbourne during the period referred to above.



INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION REGULATIONS
(Melbourne, 9 December 1988)
Preamble
1 While the sovereign right of each country to regulate its telecommunications is fully recognized, the provisions of the present Regulations supplement the International Telecommunication Convention, with a view to attaining the purposes of the International Telecommunication Union in promoting the development of telecommunication services and their most efficient operation while harmonizing the development of facilities for worldwide telecommunications.
Article 1
Purpose and Scope of the Regulations
2 1.1 a) These Regulations establish general principles which relate to the provision and operation of international telecommunication services offered to the public as well as to the underlying international telecommunication transport means used to provide such services. They also set rules applicable to administrations <*>.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
3 b) These Regulations recognize in Article 9 the right of Members to allow special arrangements.
4 1.2 In these Regulations, "the public" is used in the sense of the population, including governmental and legal bodies.
5 1.3 These Regulations are established with a view to facilitating global interconnection and interoperability of telecommunication facilities and to promoting the harmonious development and efficient operation of technical facilities, as well as the efficiency, usefulness and availability to the public of international telecommunication services.
6 1.4 References to CCITT Recommendations and Instructions in these Regulations are not to be taken as giving to those Recommendations and Instructions the same legal status as the Regulations.
7 1.5 Within the framework of the present Regulations, the provision and operation of international telecommunication services in each relation is pursuant to mutual agreement between administrations <*>.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
8 1.6 In implementing the principles of these Regulations, administrations <*> should comply with, to the greatest extent practicable, the relevant CCITT Recommendations, including any Instructions forming part of or derived from these Recommendations.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
9 1.7 a) These Regulations recognize the right of any Member, subject to national law and should it decide to do so, to require that administrations and private operating agencies, which operate in its territory and provide an international telecommunication service to the public, be authorized by that Member.
10 b) The Member concerned shall, as appropriate, encourage the application of relevant CCITT Recommendations by such service providers.
11 c) The Members, where appropriate, shall cooperate in implementing the International Telecommunication Regulations (for interpretation, also see Resolution No. 2).
12 1.8 The Regulations shall apply, regardless of the means of transmission used, so far as the Radio Regulations do not provide otherwise.
Article 2
Definitions
13 For the purpose of these Regulations, the following definitions shall apply. These terms and definitions do not, however, necessarily apply for other purposes.
14 2.1 Telecommunication: Any transmission, emission or reception of signs, signals, writing, images and sounds or intelligence of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
15 2.2 International telecommunication service: The offering of a telecommunication capability between telecommunication offices or stations of any nature that are in or belong to different countries.
16 2.3 Government telecommunication: A telecommunication originating with any: Head of a State; Head of a government or members of a government; Commanders-in-Chief of military forces, land, sea or air; diplomatic or consular agents; the Secretary-General of the United Nations; Heads of the principal organs of the United Nations; the International Court of Justice,
or reply to a government telegram.
17 2.4 Service telecommunication
A telecommunication that relates to public international telecommunications and that is exchanged among the following:
- administrations;
- recognized private operating agencies,
- and the Chairman of the Administrative Council, the Secretary-General, the Deputy Secretary-General, the Directors of the International Consultative Committees, the members of the International Frequency Registration Board, other representatives or authorized officials of the Union, including those working on official matters outside the seat of the Union.
18 2.5 Privilege telecommunication
19 2.5.1 A telecommunication that may be exchanged during:
- sessions of the ITU Administrative Council,
- conferences and meetings of the ITU
between, on the one hand, representatives of Members of the Administrative Council, members of delegations, senior officials of the permanent organs of the Union and their authorized colleagues attending conferences and meetings of the ITU and, on the other, their administrations or recognized private operating agency or the ITU,
and relating either to matters under discussion by the Administrative Council, conferences and meetings of the ITU or to public international telecommunications.
20 2.5.2 A private telecommunication that may be exchanged during sessions of the ITU Administrative Council and conferences and meetings of the ITU by representatives of Members of the Administrative Council, members of delegations, senior officials of the permanent organs of the Union attending ITU conferences and meetings, and the staff of the Secretariat of the Union seconded to ITU conferences and meetings, to enable them to communicate with their country of residence.
21 2.6 International route: Technical facilities and installations located in different countries and used for telecommunication traffic between two international telecommunication terminal exchanges or offices.
22 2.7 Relation: Exchange of traffic between two terminal countries, always referring to a specific service if there is between their administrations <*>:
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
23 a) a means for the exchange of traffic in that specific service:
- over direct circuits (direct relation), or
- via a point of transit in a third country (indirect relation), and
24 b) normally, the settlement of accounts.
25 2.8 Accounting rate: The rate agreed between administrations <*> in a given relation that is used for the establishment of international accounts.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
26 2.9 Collection charge: The charge established and collected by an administration <*> from its customers for the use of an international telecommunication service.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
27 2.10 Instructions: A collection of provisions drawn from one or more CCITT Recommendations dealing with practical operational procedures for the handling of telecommunication traffic (e.g., acceptance, transmission, accounting).
Article 3
International Network
28 3.1 Members shall ensure that administrations <*> cooperate in the establishment, operation and maintenance of the international network to provide a satisfactory quality of service.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
29 3.2 Administrations <*> shall endeavour to provide sufficient telecommunication facilities to meet the requirements of and demand for international telecommunication services.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
30 3.3 Administrations <*> shall determine by mutual agreement which international routes are to be used. Pending agreement and provided that there is no direct route existing between the terminal administrations <*> concerned, the origin administration <*> has the choice to determine the routing of its outgoing telecommunication traffic, taking into account the interests of the relevant transit and destination administrations <*>.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
31 3.4 Subject to national law, any user, by having access to the international network established by an administration <*>, has the right to send traffic. A satisfactory quality of service should be maintained to the greatest extent practicable, corresponding to relevant CCITT Recommendations.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
Article 4
International Telecommunication Services
32 4.1 Members shall promote the implementation of international telecommunication services and shall endeavour to make such services generally available to the public in their national network(s).
33 4.2 Members shall ensure that administrations <*> cooperate within the framework of these Regulations to provide by mutual agreement, a wide range of international telecommunication services which should conform, to the greatest extent practicable, to the relevant CCITT Recommendations.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
34 4.3 Subject to national law, Members shall endeavour to ensure that administrations <*> provide and maintain, to the greatest extent practicable, a minimum quality of service corresponding to the relevant CCITT Recommendations with respect to:
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
35 a) access to the international network by users using terminals which are permitted to be connected to the network and which do not cause harm to technical facilities and personnel;
36 b) international telecommunication facilities and services available to customers for their dedicated use;
37 c) at least a form of telecommunication which is reasonably accessible to the public, including those who may not be subscribers to a specific telecommunication service; and
38 d) a capability for interworking between different services, as appropriate, to facilitate international communications.
Article 5
Safety of Life and Priority of Telecommunications
39 5.1 Safety of life telecommunications, such as distress telecommunications, shall be entitled to transmission as of right and shall, where technically practicable, have absolute priority over all other telecommunications, in accordance with the relevant Articles of the Convention and taking due account of relevant CCITT Recommendations.
40 5.2 Government telecommunications, including telecommunications relative to the application of certain provisions of the United Nations Charter, shall, where technically practicable, enjoy priority over telecommunications other than those referred to in No. 39, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention and taking due account of relevant CCITT Recommendations.
41 5.3 The provisions governing the priority enjoyed by all other telecommunications are contained in the relevant CCITT Recommendations.
Article 6
Charging and Accounting
42 6.1 Collection charges
43 6.1.1 Each administration <*> shall, subject to applicable national law, establish the charges to be collected from its customers. The level of the charges is a national matter; however, in establishing these charges, administrations <*> should try to avoid too great a dissymmetry between the charges applicable in each direction of the same relation.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
44 6.1.2 The charge levied by an administration <*> on customers for a particular communication should in principle be the same in a given relation, regardless of the route chosen by that administration <*>.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
45 6.1.3 Where, in accordance with the national law of a country, a fiscal tax is levied on collection charges for international telecommunication services, this tax shall normally be collected only in respect of international services billed to customers in that country, unless other arrangements are made to meet special circumstances.
46 6.2 Accounting rates
47 6.2.1 For each applicable service in a given relation, administrations <*> shall by mutual agreement establish and revise accounting rates to be applied between them, in accordance with the provisions of Appendix 1 and taking into account relevant CCITT Recommendations and relevant cost trends.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
48 6.3 Monetary unit
49 6.3.1 In the absence of special arrangements concluded between administrations*, the monetary unit to be used in the composition of accounting rates for international telecommunication services and in the establishment of international accounts shall be:
- either the monetary unit of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), currently the Special Drawing Right (SDR), as defined by that organization;
- or the gold franc, equivalent to 1/3.061 SDR.
50 6.3.2 In accordance with relevant provisions of the International Telecommunication Convention, this provision shall not affect the possibility open to administrations <*> of establishing bilateral arrangements for mutually acceptable coefficients between the monetary unit of the IMP and the gold franc.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
51 6.4 Establishment of accounts and settlement of balances of account
52 6.4.1 Unless otherwise agreed, administrations <*> shall follow the relevant provisions as set out in Appendices 1 and 2.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
53 6.5 Service and privilege telecommunications
54 6.5.1 Administrations <*> shall follow the relevant provisions as set out in Appendix 3.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
Article 7
Suspension of Services
55 7.1 If a Member exercises its right in accordance with the Convention to suspend international telecommunication services partially or totally, that Member shall immediately notify the Secretary-General of the suspension and of the subsequent return to normal conditions by the most appropriate means of communication.
56 7.2 The Secretary-General shall immediately bring such information to the attention of all other Members, using the most appropriate means of communication.
Article 8
Dissemination of Information
57 Using the most suitable and economical means, the Secretary-General shall disseminate information, provided by administrations <*>, of an administrative, operational, tariff or statistical nature concerning international telecommunication routes and services. Such information shall be disseminated in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention and of this Article, on the basis of decisions taken by the Administrative Council or by competent administrative conferences, and taking account of conclusions or decisions of Plenary Assemblies of the International Consultative Committees.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
Article 9
Special Arrangements
58 9.1 a) Pursuant to Article 31 of the International Telecommunication Convention (Nairobi, 1982), special arrangements may be entered into on telecommunication matters which do not concern Members in general. Subject to national laws, Members may allow administrations <*> or other organizations or persons to enter into such special mutual arrangements with Members, administrations <*> or other organizations or persons that are so allowed in another country for the establishment, operation, and use of special telecommunication networks, systems and services, in order to meet specialized international telecommunication needs within and/or between the territories of the Members concerned, and including, as necessary, those financial, technical, or operating conditions to be observed.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
59 b) Any such special arrangements should avoid technical harm to the operation of the telecommunication facilities of third countries.
60 9.2 Members should, where appropriate, encourage the parties to any special arrangements that are made pursuant to No. 58 to take into account relevant provisions of CCITT Recommendations.
Article 10
Final Provisions
61 10.1 These Regulations, of which Appendices 1, 2 and 3 form integral parts, shall enter into force on 1 July 1990 at 0001 hours UTC.
62 10.2 On the date specified in No. 61, the Telegraph Regulations (Geneva, 1973) and the Telephone Regulations (Geneva, 1973) shall be replaced by these International Telecommunication Regulations (Melbourne, 1988) pursuant to the International Telecommunication Convention.
63 10.3 If a Member makes reservations with regard to the application of one or more of the provisions of these Regulations, other Members and their administrations <*> shall be free to disregard the said provision or provisions in their relations with the Member which has made such reservations and its administrations <*>.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
64 10.4 Members of the Union shall inform the Secretary-General of their approval of the International Telecommunication Regulations adopted by the Conference. The Secretary-General shall inform Members promptly of the receipt of such notifications of approval.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
In witness whereof, the delegates of the Members of the International Telecommunication Union named below have, on behalf of their respective competent authorities, signed one copy of the present Final Acts in the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages. This copy shall remain in the archives of the Union. The Secretary-General shall forward one certified copy to each Member of the International Telecommunication Union.
Done at Melbourne, 9 December 1988.



Appendix 1
GENERAL PROVISIONS CONCERNING ACCOUNTING
1. Accounting rates
1.1 For each applicable service in a given relation, administrations <*> shall by mutual agreement establish and revise accounting rates to be applied between them, taking into account the Recommendations of the CCITT and trends in the cost of providing the specific telecommunication service, and shall divide such rates into terminal shares payable to the administrations <*> of terminal countries, and where appropriate, into transit shares payable to the administrations <*> of transit countries.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
1.2 Alternatively, in traffic relations where CCITT cost studies can be used as a basis, the accounting rate may be determined in accordance with the following method:
a) administrations <*> shall establish and revise their terminal and transit shares taking into account the Recommendations of the CCITT;
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
b) the accounting rate shall be the sum of the terminal shares and any transit shares.
1.3 When one or more administrations <*> acquire, either by flat rate remuneration or other arrangements, the right to utilize a part of the circuit and/or installations of another administration <*>, the former have the right to establish their share as mentioned in 1.1 and 1.2 above, for this part of the relation.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
1.4 In cases where one or more routes have been established by agreement between administrations <*> and where traffic is diverted unilaterally by the administration <*> of origin to a route which has not been agreed with the administration <*> of destination, the terminal shares payable to the administration <*> of destination shall be the same as would have been due to it had the traffic been routed over the agreed primary route and the transit costs are borne by the administration <*> of origin, unless the administration <*> of destination is prepared to agree to a different share.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
1.5 In cases where the traffic is routed via a transit point without authorization and/or agreement to the transit share, the transit administration <*> has the right to set the level of the transit share to be included in the international accounts.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
1.6 Where an administration <*> has a duty or fiscal tax levied on its accounting rate shares or other remunerations, it shall not in turn impose any such duty or fiscal tax on other administrations <*>.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
2. Establishment of accounts
2.1 Unless otherwise agreed, the administrations <*> responsible for collecting the charges shall establish a monthly account showing all the amounts due and send it to the administrations <*> concerned.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
2.2 The accounts shall be sent as promptly as possible and, except in cases of force majeure, before the end of the third month following that to which they relate.
2.3 In principle an account shall be considered as accepted without the need for specific notification of acceptance to the administration <*> which sent it.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
2.4 However, any administration <*> has the right to question the contents of an account for a period of two calendar months after the receipt of the account, but only to the extent necessary to bring any differences within mutually agreed limits.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
2.5 In relations where there are no special agreements, a quarterly settlement statement showing the balances of the monthly accounts for the period to which it relates shall be prepared as soon as possible by the creditor administration <*> and shall be sent in duplicate to the debtor administration <*>, which, after verification, shall return one of the copies endorsed with its acceptance.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
2.6 In indirect relations where a transit administration <*> acts as an accounting intermediary between two terminal points, it shall include accounting data for transit traffic in the relevant outgoing traffic account to administrations <*> beyond it in the routing sequence as soon as possible after receiving that data from the originating administration <*>.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
3. Settlement of balances of accounts
3.1 Choice of the currency of payment
3.1.1 The payment of balances of international telecommunication accounts shall be made in the currency selected by the creditor after consultation with the debtor. In the event of disagreement, the choice of the creditor shall prevail in all cases subject to the provisions in 3.1.2 below. If the creditor does not specify a currency, the choice shall rest with the debtor.
3.1.2 If a creditor selects a currency with a value fixed unilaterally or a currency the equivalent value of which is to be determined by its relationship to a currency with a value also fixed unilaterally, the use of the selected currency must be acceptable to the debtor.
3.2 Determination of the amount of payment
3.2.1 The amount of the payment in the selected currency, as determined below, shall be equivalent in value to the balance of the account.
3.2.2 If the balance of the account is expressed in the monetary unit of the IMF, the amount of the selected currency shall be determined by the relationship in effect on the day before payment, or by the latest relationship published by the IMF, between the monetary unit of the IMF and the selected currency.
3.2.3 However, if the relationship of the monetary unit of the IMF to the selected currency has not been published, the amount of the balance of account shall, at a first stage, be converted into a currency for which a relationship has been published by the IMF, using the relationship in effect on the day before payment or the latest published relationship. The amount thus obtained shall, at a second stage, be converted into the equivalent value of the selected currency, using the closing rate in effect on the day prior to payment or the most recent rate quoted on the official or generally accepted foreign exchange market of the main financial centre of the debtor country.
3.2.4 If the balance of the account is expressed in gold francs, the amount shall, in the absence of special arrangements, be converted into the monetary unit of the IMF in accordance with the provisions of section 6.3 of the Regulations. The amount of payment shall then be determined in compliance with the provisions of 3.2.2. above.
3.2.5 If, in accordance with a special arrangement, the balance of the account is expressed neither in the monetary unit of the IMF nor in gold francs, the payment shall also be the subject of this special arrangement and:
a) if the selected currency is the same as the currency of the balance of account, the amount of the selected currency shall be the amount of the balance of account;
b) if the selected currency for payment is different from the currency in which the balance is expressed, the amount shall be determined by converting the balance of account to its equivalent value in the selected currency in accordance with the provisions of 3.2.3 above.
3.3 Payment of balances
3.3.1 Payment of balances of account shall be effected as promptly as possible, but in no case later than two calendar months after the day on which the settlement statement is despatched by the creditor administration <*>. Beyond this period, the creditor administration <*> may, subject to prior notification in the form of a final demand for payment, and unless otherwise agreed, charge interest at a rate of up to 6% per annum, reckoned from the day following the date of expiry of the said period.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
3.3.2 The payment due on a settlement statement shall not be delayed pending settlement of a query on that account. Adjustments which are later agreed shall be included in a subsequent account.
3.3.3 On the date of payment, the debtor shall transmit the amount of the selected currency as computed above by a bank cheque, transfer or any other means acceptable to the debtor and the creditor. If the creditor expresses no preference, the choice shall fall to the debtor.
3.3.4 The payment charges imposed in the debtor country (taxes, clearing charges, commissions, etc.) shall be borne by the debtor. Any such charges imposed in the creditor country, including payment charges imposed by intermediate banks in third countries, shall be borne by the creditor.
3.4 Additional provisions
3.4.1 Provided the periods of payment are observed, administrations <*> may by mutual agreement settle their balances of various kinds by offsetting:
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
- credits and debits in their relations with other administrations <*>; and/or
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
- debts arising from postal services, if appropriate.
3.4.2 If, between the time the remittance (bank transfer, cheques, etc.) is effected and the time the creditor is in receipt of that remittance (account credited, cheque encashed, etc.), a variation occurs in the equivalent value of the selected currency calculated as indicated in paragraph 3.2, and if the difference resulting from such variations exceeds 5% of the amount due as calculated following such variations, the total difference shall be shared equally between debtor and creditor.
3.4.3 If there should be a radical change in the international monetary system which invalidates or makes inappropriate one or more of the foregoing paragraphs, administrations <*> are free to adopt, by mutual agreement, a different monetary basis and/or different procedures for the settlement of balances of accounts, pending a revision of the above provisions.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)



Appendix 2
ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS RELATING
TO MARITIME TELECOMMUNICATIONS
1. General
The provisions contained in Article 6 and Appendix 1, taking into account the relevant CCITT Recommendations, shall also apply to maritime telecommunications in so far as the following provisions do not provide otherwise.
2. Accounting authority
2.1 Charges for maritime telecommunications in the maritime mobile service and the maritime mobile-satellite service shall in principle, and subject to national law and practice, be collected from the maritime mobile station licensee:
a) by the administration that has issued the licence; or
b) by a recognized private operating agency; or
c) by any other entity or entities designated for this purpose by the administration referred to in "a" above.
2.2 The administration or the recognized private operating agency or the designated entity or entities listed in paragraph 2.1 are referred to in this Appendix as the "accounting authority".
2.3 References to administration <*> contained in Article 6 and Appendix 1 shall be read as "accounting authority" when applying the provisions of Article 6 and Appendix 1 to maritime telecommunications.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
2.4 Members shall designate their accounting authority or authorities for the purposes of implementing this Appendix and notify their names, identification codes and addresses to the Secretary-General for inclusion in the List of Ship Stations; the number of such names and addresses shall be limited taking into account the relevant CCITT Recommendations.
3. Establishment of accounts
3.1 In principle, an account shall be considered as accepted without the need for specific notification of acceptance to the accounting authority that sent it.
3.2 However, any accounting authority has the right to question the contents of an account for a period of six calendar months after dispatch of the account.
4. Settlement of balances of account
4.1 All international maritime telecommunication accounts shall be paid by the accounting authority without delay and in any case within six calendar months after dispatch of the account, except where the settlement of accounts is undertaken in accordance with paragraph 4.3 below.
4.2 If international maritime telecommunication accounts remain unpaid after six calendar months, the administration that has licensed the mobile station shall, on request, take all possible steps, within the limits of applicable national law, to ensure settlement of the accounts from the licensee.
4.3 If the period between the date of dispatch and receipt exceeds one month, the receiving accounting authority should at once notify the originating accounting authority that queries and payments may be delayed. The delay shall, however, not exceed three calendar months in respect of payment, or five calendar months in respect of queries, both periods commencing from the date of receipt of the account.
4.4 The debtor accounting authority may refuse the settlement and adjustment of accounts presented more than eighteen calendar months after the date of the traffic to which the accounts relate.



Appendix 3
SERVICE AND PRIVILEGE TELECOMMUNICATIONS
1. Service telecommunications
1.1 Administrations <*> may provide service telecommunications free of charge.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
1.2 Administrations <*> may in principle forego inclusion of service telecommunications in international accounting, under the relevant provisions of the International Telecommunication Convention and the present Regulations, having due regard for the need for reciprocal arrangements.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
2. Privilege telecommunications
Administrations <*> may provide privilege telecommunications free of charge, and accordingly may forego the inclusion of such classes of telecommunication in international accounting, under the relevant provisions of the International Telecommunication Convention and the present Regulations.
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<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
3. Applicable provisions
The general operational, charging and accounting principles applicable to service and privilege telecommunications should take account of the relevant CCITT Recommendations.



FINAL PROTOCOL <*>
At the time of signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the undersigned delegates take note of the following statements made by signatory delegations.
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<*> Note by the General Secretariat: The texts of the Final Protocol are shown in the chronological order of their deposit. In the Table of Contents these texts are grouped in the alphabetical order of country names.
No. 1
Original: French
For the Republic of Mali:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Republic of Mali formally declares that it reserves for its Government the right to take any action in conformity with the Constitution, the laws and the international commitments of the Republic of Mali which it may consider or deem to be necessary or useful for the purpose of protecting and safeguarding its national rights and interests should any Member State of the Union fail in any way to comply with the provisions contained in the present Regulations which complement the 1982 Nairobi Convention.
It also reserves for its Government the right not to accept the consequences of any reservations made by other contracting parties which inter alia might give rise to an increase in its contributory share to the expenditure of the Union, or which might jeopardize the smooth and efficient functioning of the telecommunication services of the Republic of Mali.
Finally, the Delegation of the Republic of Mali dissociates itself from any action which in any way results in the deregulation of telecommunications.
No. 2
Original: English
For the Hungarian People"s Republic:
The Delegation of the Hungarian People"s Republic to the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988) reserve for its Government the right to take any action it may deem necessary to safeguard its interests, should Members fail to observe the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations or should reservations by other countries jeopardize the proper operation of its telecommunication services in the event of any other actions that might encroach upon its sovereignty.
No. 3
Original: French
For the Gabonese Republic:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Gabonese Republic reserves for its Government the right to take any action it may deem necessary in the event that development and operation of its telecommunications shall be jeopardized as a result of the interpretation by a Member or Members of a provision of these Regulations.
No. 4
Original: French
For Tunisia:
The Delegation of Tunisia to the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988) declares that its Government reserves the right to take all necessary measures to safeguard its interests should reservations by other delegations or any failure to comply with these Regulations jeopardize the satisfactory operation of its telecommunication services.
No. 5
Original: English
For the Republic of Indonesia:
The Delegation of the Republic of Indonesia to the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988) hereby reserves the right of its Government to take:
1) any action as it deems necessary to safeguard its interests should Members in any way fail to comply with the requirements of these Regulations or should reservations by other countries jeopardize its telecommunication services;
2) any other actions in accordance with the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Indonesia.
No. 6
Original: English
For the Yemen Arab Republic:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Yemen Arab Republic declares that it reserves the right to its Government to take all measures it may deem necessary to protect its interests should any country not observe the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations adopted by the Conference.
No. 7
Original: English
For the Federal Republic of Nigeria:
The Delegation of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988) acknowledges the need for the enhancement of world telecommunications and reserves the right of its Administration to accept or to reject all or some of the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations, subject to the approval of the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
No. 8
Original: French
For the Republic of Chad:
The Delegation of the Republic of Chad, in signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), declares that it reserves its country"s right to take all measures it shall deem useful or necessary to safeguard its interests, should any countries fail to comply with the provisions contained in the International Telecommunication Regulations.
No. 9
Original: French
For the Republic of Cote d"Ivoire:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), concerning the International Telecommunication Regulations, the Delegation of the Republic of Cote d"Ivoire declares that it firmly reserves its Government"s right to take any measure it deems necessary to safeguard its interests in the event that any Members should fail to comply with the terms of these Regulations.
Furthermore, in its relations with other Members, administrations <*> or entities, it declares that its Government will accept no provision of these Regulations which, if applied, could jeopardize either its interests or the exercise of its sovereign right to regulate telecommunications as a whole within its territories.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
No. 10
Original: French
For the Central African Republic:
In signing the present Regulations at the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference, the Delegation of the Central African Republic reserves for its Government the right to take any action required to safeguard its interests:
- if any Member fails to observe the provisions of the present Regulations;
- if the application of certain provisions in the present Regulations should jeopardize the operation and development of its country"s telecommunication facilities.
The Delegation of the Central African Republic recalls that if any Member makes reservations in connection with the application of one or more provisions of these Regulations, its country is not obliged to observe the provision(s) concerned in its relations with the Member which made the reservations.
No. 11
Original: French
For the Democratic Republic of Madagascar:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Democratic Republic of Madagascar, by virtue of the principle recognizing each country"s sovereign right to regulate its telecommunications, reserves for its Government the right to safeguard its interests should the application of certain provisions in the new Regulations be at variance with its national legislation.
No. 12
Original: Spanish
For the Republic of Guatemala:
1. The Delegation of the Republic of Guatemala declares that it reserves for its Government the right to take whatever measures it may deem necessary to safeguard its interests in the event that:
a) other Members should fail to comply with the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations (Melbourne, 1988) and the Annexes and Protocols thereto;
b) its telecommunication services should be jeopardized owing to any reservations expressed by other countries;
c) any action should be facilitated which may encroach upon the sovereignty of the Republic of Guatemala.
2. It also reserves the right for its Government to make any declaration or reservation until such time as it shall ratify these Regulations (Melbourne, 1988).
No. 13
Original: English
For the People"s Democratic Republic of Yemen:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the People"s Democratic Republic of Yemen declares that it reserves the right of its Government to take all measures it may deem necessary to protect its interests should any country not observe the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations adopted by the Conference.
No. 14
Original: Russian
For the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics:
In signing the International Telecommunication Regulations (Melbourne, 1988), the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics declare that they reserve the right to take any action they deem necessary to safeguard their interests, should other states fail to comply with the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations, or in case of any other action which is detrimental to the telecommunication services of the above-mentioned countries and which infringes their sovereignty.
No. 15
Original: English
For the Republic of Zimbabwe:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Republic of Zimbabwe declares that it reserves the right of the Government of Zimbabwe to take all subsequent measures it may deem necessary to protect its sovereignty and national interest should these Regulations be used by other countries particularly against its sovereign right to regulate the orderly development of its international as well as national telecommunications.
No. 16
Original: French
For the Kingdom of Morocco:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Kingdom of Morocco reserves for its Government the right to take any action it deems necessary to safeguard its interests:
1. if other Members fail in any way to observe the provisions of the Regulations, the Annexes or the associated documents or if the reservations made by other countries are liable to jeopardize its telecommunication services;
2. if the provisions of the present Regulations are liable to be detrimental in any way to the operation and the development of its telecommunication network.
No. 17
Original: English
For Mauritius:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of Mauritius reserves the right of its Government to take such action that it deems necessary to safeguard its interests should any Member fail to comply with the requirements of the International Telecommunication Regulations or should reservations made by any country jeopardize its telecommunication services.
No. 18
Original: English
For the Islamic Republic of Iran:
In the name of god almighty.
The Delegation of the Islamic Republic of Iran reserves for its Government the right to take any action as it may consider necessary to safeguard its interests should they be affected by decisions taken at the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), or by failure on the part of any other country or administration in any way to comply with the requirements of the International Telecommunication Convention (Nairobi, 1982), or its Annexes or the Protocols or the Regulations attached thereto, or these Final Acts, or should reservations or declarations by other countries or administrations jeopardize the proper and efficient operation of its telecommunication services, or infringe the full exercise of the sovereign rights of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
No. 19
Original: English
For the Republic of Kenya:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Republic of Kenya declares on behalf of the Government and in accordance with the powers conferred on it:
1) that it reserves the right of its Government to take any action it may consider necessary to safeguard and protect its interests should any Member fail to comply, as required, with the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations (Melbourne, 1988) or Annexes or Protocols attached thereto;
2) that the Government of the Republic of Kenya does not accept responsibility for consequences arising out of reservations made by other Members of the Union.
No. 20
Original: English
For the Republic of the Philippines:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Philippines Delegation, on behalf of its Government, makes all necessary reservations to any texts which may adversely affect directly or indirectly its sovereignty over the establishment, operation and control of any telecommunication services and its authority to regulate all telecommunication activities of any person, organization and administration <*>.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
Furthermore, the Philippines reserves its right to safeguard its interests should reservations by other Governments jeopardize the proper and efficient operation of the telecommunication services and networks of the Republic of the Philippines.
Finally, the Philippines reserves its right to take any other action in accordance with its Constitution and laws.
No. 21
Original: English
For the Republic of Uganda:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Republic of Uganda reserves the right of its Government to take all measures it may deem necessary to protect its interests should any country not observe the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations adopted by the Conference.
No. 22
Original: French
For the Republic of Cameroon:
The Delegation of the Republic of Cameroon to the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), reserves for its Government the right to take any action it deems necessary to safeguard its interests if any country should fail in any way to observe the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations (Melbourne, 1988), or if the reservations made by any country should jeopardize the efficient operation of the telecommunication services of Cameroon.
No. 23
Original: English
For the Federative Republic of Brazil:
In signing these Final Acts, subject to approval by its National Congress, the Delegation of Brazil reserves for its Government, the right to take all necessary measures to safeguard its interests should other Members fail to comply with the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations (Melbourne, 1988) and its Appendices 1, 2 and 3, or should reservations by other Members result in jeopardy to its telecommunication services.
No. 24
Original: English
For New Zealand:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of New Zealand declares that it reserves for its Government the right to take such action as it may consider necessary to safeguard its interests should any Member not observe the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations adopted by the Conference, or should reservations by other countries jeopardize the telecommunication services of New Zealand.
No. 25
Original: French
For the Republic of Senegal:
1. In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Republic of Senegal formally declares on behalf of its Government that its country will not accept any obligation in connection with the application of any provision relating to the special arrangements contained in the present Regulations.
2. The Republic of Senegal formally declares that it will not accept any obligation in connection with the application of any provision in the present Regulations as regards the implementation and establishment within its territory of any other network or any other telecommunication systems or services, including any other corresponding facility for the transport of telecommunications, which may be different from its own telecommunication facilities and services and/or which may be such as to be detrimental in any way from the technical, economic or any other point of view to the operation of the latter.
No. 26
Original: English
For the United Republic of Tanzania:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the United Republic of Tanzania declares that its Government reserves the right to take any action it may deem necessary to protect its interests should reservation or any other action by any Member jeopardize its telecommunication services.
No. 27
Original: Spanish
For the Argentine Republic:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Argentine Delegation reserves for its Government the right to take any action it deems necessary to protect its interests and to safeguard the operation of its telecommunication services should they be affected by the decisions of this Conference or by the reservations made by other delegations.
No. 28
Original: English
For Papua New Guinea:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of Papua New Guinea declares that it reserves the right to take such action as it may deem necessary to safeguard its interests should any Member not observe the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations adopted by the Conference, or should reservations by other Countries jeopardize the telecommunications services of Papua New Guinea.
No. 29
Original: French
For the Republic of the Niger:
In signing the present Final Acts, the Delegation of the Republic of the Niger to the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988) reserves for its Government the right:
1. to take any action it deems necessary to safeguard its interests if any Members should in any way fail to comply with the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations and the Annexes thereto or if the reservations made by the other Members should jeopardize the efficient operation of the telecommunication services of the Niger;
2. to reject any provision of a mandatory nature, particularly in connection with the special arrangements, which are liable to be in any way detrimental to the operation of its own telecommunications facilities and services.
No. 30
Original: French
For the People"s Democratic Republic of Algeria:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the People"s Democratic Republic of Algeria reserves for its Government the right to take any action it deems necessary to safeguard its interests if any Members should fail to observe the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations or if the reservations made by other Members should jeopardize its telecommunication services.
The Delegation of the People"s Democratic Republic of Algeria also reserves for its Government the right to take any action it considers necessary to safeguard its interests in connection with the provisions relating to special arrangements which are contained in the International Telecommunication Regulations.
No. 31
Original: English
For the Kingdom of Swaziland:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Kingdom of Swaziland reserves the right of its Government to take any action it deems necessary to safeguard its interests in the event of Members failing in any way to comply with the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations (Melbourne, 1988), or the Annexes thereto, or should reservations by other Members jeopardize its telecommunications facilities and services.
No. 32
(Number not used.)
No. 33
Original: English
For Ghana:
The Delegation of the Republic of Ghana hereby reserves for its Government the right to take any measures it deems necessary and expedient to protect its interests and sovereign right should the non-compliance of and/or reservations by any Member to the International Telecommunication Regulations (Melbourne, 1988), including the Annexes and Resolutions thereto, jeopardize or threaten to jeopardize its telecommunication facilities and services.
No. 34
Original: English
For the Sultanate of Oman:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Sultanate of Oman reserves for its Government the right to take such action as it may consider necessary to safeguard its interests should any Member fail in any way to comply with the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations adopted by this Conference, or should reservations by other countries jeopardize the telecommunication services of the Sultanate of Oman.
No. 35
Original: English/French/Spanish
For the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Portugal, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegations of the above-mentioned Members of the Union, being Member States of the European Economic Community, declare that these States will apply the International Telecommunication Regulations in accordance with their obligations under the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community.
No. 36
Original: English
For Brunei Darussalam:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Government of His Majesty, the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan Brunei Darussalam reserves for its Government the right to take such action it may deem necessary to safeguard its interests should any Member fail in any way to comply with the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations adopted by the Conference, or should reservations by any country jeopardize its telecommunication services.
No. 37
Original: English
For the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia declares that it reserves the right of its Government to take all measures it may deem necessary to protect its interests should any country not observe the provisions of the International Telecommunication Regulations adopted by the Conference.
No. 38
Original: English
For the People"s Democratic Republic of Algeria, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Brunei Darussalam, the Republic of Djibouti, the United Arab Emirates, the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Republic of Iraq, the State of Kuwait, Malaysia, the Kingdom of Morocco, the Sultanate of Oman, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the State of Qatar, the Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, the Yemen Arab Republic, the People"s Democratic Republic of Yemen:
The above-mentioned Delegations to the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), declare that the signature and possible ratification by their respective Governments of the Final Acts of WATTC (Melbourne, 1988) are not valid with respect to the Zionist Entity under the name of the so-called Israel and in no way whatsoever imply its recognition.
No. 39
Original: English
For the United States of America:
I
The United States of America formally declares that it does not, by signature of these Telecommunication Regulations, nor by any subsequent approval thereof:
a) accept any obligation to enforce any provision of the domestic law or regulations of any other Member;
b) endorse, in any way, domestic procedures of other Members which would require approval for providers of telecommunication services and services dependent on telecommunication transport seeking to do business outside the United States of America;
c) accept any obligation in respect of the application of any provision of these Regulations to service within the United States with respect to telecommunication services between the United States, on the one hand, and Canada, Mexico, and Saint-Pierre and Miquelon Islands, on the other hand, and to the rates applicable to such services;
d) accept any obligation in respect of the application of any provision of these Regulations to services other than public correspondence services.
II
It is the understanding of the United States of America that:
a) the Recommendations of the International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee are produced for voluntary consideration by, among others, providers of international telecommunication services and manufacturers of telecommunications equipment;
b) its rights and obligations are determined by the Telegraph and Telephone Regulations (1973) among Members party thereto, until the United States and such Members express their consent to be bound by these Telecommunication Regulations in accordance with the provisions of the basic instrument of the International Communication Union to which the Member is a party.
III
The United States of America disassociates itself from Conference Opinion No. 1.
No. 40
Original: French
For the People"s Republic of Benin:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the People"s Republic of Benin reserves for its Government the right:
a) to accept or to reject, wholly or partially, the provisions of the present International Telecommunication Regulations and the Appendices thereto;
b) should it approve these Regulations, to take any action it might consider necessary to safeguard its telecommunication services and its other interests if certain Members fail to observe the present Regulations and the Appendices thereto or if reservations made by other Members were to be detrimental to the interests of the People"s Republic of Benin.
No. 41
Original: English
For the People"s Democratic Republic of Ethiopia:
In signing the Final Acts of the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (Melbourne, 1988), the Delegation of the People"s Democratic Republic of Ethiopia reserves the right of its Government:
a) to make any statement or reservation until such time as it ratifies the International Telecommunication Regulations and related Annexes, if the provisions of the Regulations and related Annexes adversely affect directly or indirectly the operation of its telecommunication services or its sovereignty;
b) to disregard those

"СОГЛАШЕНИЕ МЕЖДУ ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВОМ СССР И ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВОМ МОНГОЛЬСКОЙ НАРОДНОЙ РЕСПУБЛИКИ О СОТРУДНИЧЕСТВЕ В ОБЛАСТИ ВОДНОГО ХОЗЯЙСТВА НА ПОГРАНИЧНЫХ ВОДАХ"(Заключено в г. Улан-Баторе 09.12.1988)  »
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