<ПРОТОКОЛ n 8 К КОНВЕНЦИИ О ЗАЩИТЕ ПРАВ ЧЕЛОВЕКА И ОСНОВНЫХ СВОБОД> (ets n 118) [англ.](Подписан в г. Вене 19.03.1985)
PROTOCOL No. 8
TO THE CONVENTION FOR THE PROTECTION OF
HUMAN RIGHTS AND FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS
(ETS N 118)
The member States of the Council of Europe, signatories to
this Protocol to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and
Fundamental Freedoms, signed at Rome on 4 November 1950 (hereinafter referred to
as "the Convention"),
Considering that it is desirable to amend certain
provisions of the Convention with a view to improving and in particular to
expediting the procedure of the European Commission of Human Rights,
Considering that it is also advisable to amend certain provisions of the
Convention concerning the procedure of the European Court of Human Rights,
Have agreed as follows:
The existing text of Article 20 of
the Convention shall become paragraph 1 of that Article and shall be
supplemented by the following four paragraphs:
"2. The Commission shall
sit in plenary session. It may, however, set up Chambers, each composed of at
least seven members. The Chambers may examine petitions submitted under Article
25 of this Convention which can be dealt with on the basis of established case
law or which raise no serious question affecting the interpretation or
application of the Convention. Subject to this restriction and to the provisions
of paragraph 5 of this Article, the Chambers shall exercise all the powers
conferred on the Commission by the Convention.
The member of the
Commission elected in respect of a High Contracting Party against which a
petition has been lodged shall have the right to sit on a Chamber to which that
petition has been referred.
3. The Commission may set up committees,
each composed of at least three members, with the power, exercisable by a
unanimous vote, to declare inadmissible or strike from its list of cases a
petition submitted under Article 25, when such a decision can be taken without
4. A Chamber or committee may at any time
relinquish jurisdiction in favour of the plenary Commission, which may also
order the transfer to it of any petition referred to a Chamber or committee.
5. Only the plenary Commission can exercise the following powers:
a. the examination of applications submitted under Article 24;
bringing of a case before the Court in accordance with Article 48a;
the drawing up of rules of procedure in accordance with Article 36."
Article 21 of the Convention shall be supplemented by the
following third paragraph:
"3. The candidates shall be of high moral
character and must either possess the qualifications required for appointment to
high judicial office or be persons of recognised competence in national or
Article 23 of the Convention shall be
supplemented by the following sentence:
"During their term of office
they shall not hold any position which is incompatible with their independence
and impartiality as members of the Commission or the demands of this office."
The text, with modifications, of Article 28 of the Convention
shall become paragraph 1 of that Article and the text, with modifications, of
Article 30 shall become paragraph 2. The new text of Article 28 shall read as
1. In the event of the Commission accepting a
petition referred to it:
a. it shall, with a view to ascertaining the
facts, undertake together with the representatives of the parties an examination
of the petition and, if need be, an investigation, for the effective conduct of
which the States concerned shall furnish all necessary facilities, after an
exchange of views with the Commission;
b. it shall at the same time
place itself at the disposal of the parties concerned with a view to securing a
friendly settlement of the matter on the basis of respect for Human Rights as
defined in this Convention.
2. If the Commission succeeds in effecting a
friendly settlement, it shall draw up a Report which shall be sent to the States
concerned, to the Committee of Ministers and to the Secretary General of the
Council of Europe for publication. This Report shall be confined to a brief
statement of the facts and of the solution reached."
first paragraph of Article 29 of the Convention, the word "unanimously" shall be
replaced by the words "by a majority of two-thirds of its members".
The following provision shall be inserted in the Convention:
1. The Commission may at any stage of the proceedings decide
to strike a petition out of its list of cases where the circumstances lead to
the conclusion that:
a. the applicant does not intend to pursue his
b. the matter has been resolved, or
c. for any
other reason established by the Commission, it is no longer justified to
continue the examination of the petition.
However, the Commission shall
continue the examination of a petition if respect for Human Rights as defined in
this Convention so requires.
2. If the Commission decides to strike a
petition out of its list after having accepted it, it shall draw up a Report
which shall contain a statement of the facts and the decision striking out the
petition together with the reasons therefor. The Report shall be transmitted to
the parties, as well as to the Committee of Ministers for information. The
Commission may publish it.
3. The Commission may decide to restore a
petition to its list of cases if it considers that the circumstances justify
such a course."
In Article 31 of the Convention, paragraph 1
shall read as follows:
"1. If the examination of a petition has not been
completed in accordance with Article 28 (paragraph 2), 29 or 30, the Commission
shall draw up a Report on the facts and state its opinion as to whether the
facts found disclose a breach by the State concerned of its obligations under
the Convention. The individual opinions of members of the Commission on this
point may be stated in the Report."
Article 34 of the
Convention shall read as follows:
"Subject to the provisions of Articles
20 (paragraph 3) and 29, the Commission shall take its decision by a majority of
the members present and voting."
Article 40 of the
Convention shall be supplemented by the following seventh paragraph:
The members of the Court shall sit on the Court in their individual capacity.
During their term of office they shall not hold any position which is
incompatible with their independence and impartiality as members of the Court or
the demands of this office."
Article 41 of the Convention
shall read as follows:
"The Court shall elect its President and one or
two Vice-Presidents for a period of three years. They may be re-elected."
In the first sentence of Article 43 of the Convention, the
word "seven" shall be replaced by the word "nine".
1. This Protocol shall be open for signature by member States of the Council
of Europe signatories to the Convention, which may express their consent to be
a. signature without reservation as to ratification,
acceptance or approval, or
b. signature subject to ratification,
acceptance or approval, followed by ratification, acceptance or approval.
2. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or approval shall be deposited with
the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
Protocol shall enter into force on the first day of the month following the
expiration of a period of three months after the date on which all Parties to
the Convention have expressed their consent to be bound by the Protocol in
accordance with the provisions of Article 12.
General of the Council of Europe shall notify the member States of the Council
a. any signature;
b. the deposit of any instrument of
ratification, acceptance or approval;
c. the date of entry into force of
this Protocol in accordance with Article 13;
d. any other act,
notification or communication relating to this Protocol.
whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed this
Done at Vienna, this 19th day of March 1985, in English and
French, both texts being equally authentic, in a single copy which shall be
deposited in the archives of the Council of Europe. The Secretary General of the
Council of Europe shall transmit certified copies to each member State of the
Council of Europe.
(Follow the signatures)