<СОГЛАШЕНИЕ ОБ УЧРЕЖДЕНИИ ЛАТИНСКОГО СОЮЗА> [англ.](Заключено в г. Мадриде 15.05.1954)

(Madrid, 15.V.1954)
The States signatories to this Convention,
Aware of the mission incumbent upon the Latin peoples in the evolution of ideas, the enhancement of morals and the material progress of the world,
Faithful to the spiritual values on which their humanistic and Christian civilization is based,
United by their common destiny and adhering to the same principles of peace and social justice, respect for human dignity and freedom, and independence and integrity of the Nations,
Relying on the solidarity which past history and common ideals create and sustain among peoples whose policies are based thereon,
Decide to unite their efforts to ensure the complete fulfilment of their cultural aspirations and thus contribute to the strengthening of peace and to the constant moral improvement and material progress of humanity,
And to this end, agree to create the Latin Union.
Membership and goals of the Latin Union
Article I
The Latin Union is composed of those States of Latin language and culture which sign and ratify this Agreement, or accede to it in due form.
Article II
The goals of the Latin Union are:
(a) To promote maximum intellectual cooperation between member countries and to reinforce the spiritual and moral ties that unite them.
(b) To strengthen and disseminate the values of their common cultural heritage.
(c) To improve mutual knowledge of the characteristics, institutions and specific needs of each of the Latin peoples.
(d) To place the moral and spiritual values of Latinity at the service of international relations, as a means of improving understanding and cooperation among countries and achieving prosperity for their peoples.
International agreements
Article III
For the efficient implementation of its programme, the Latin Union may enter into special agreements:
(a) With a member State.
(b) With a non-member State.
(c) With any international and intergovernmental organization or institution which may collaborate in the implementation of the programme of the Latin Union.
Legal status
Article IV
Member States shall grant to the Latin Union the legal status required for the full performance of its functions, as determined in this Agreement, subject to their own sovereignty and legislation.
Article V
1. The main organs of the Latin Union shall be: the Congress, the Executive Council and the Secretariat.
2. The Congress may also establish any subsidiary organs which it deems necessary.
Article VI
1. The Congress shall be composed of representatives of the member States of the Union.
2. The Government of each member State shall appoint a delegation composed of not more than five representatives.
3. The Secretary-General of the Union shall be the Secretary-General of the Congress.
Article VII
1. The Congress shall meet every two years in regular session, at the location and on the date that it decides.
2. It shall meet in special session when convened by the Executive Council in the cases contemplated in article XV, paragraph (i), at the location determined by the Council.
Article VIII
1. Each delegation shall have one vote in the Congress and in each of its subsidiary organs.
2. No delegation may represent another or vote for it.
3. Observers shall not have the right to vote.
Article IX
The Congress and its subsidiary organs shall adopt their decisions by a majority of the delegations present and voting, except as specified in article X.
Article X
Decisions of the Congress shall be taken by a two-thirds majority of the delegations present and voting in the following cases:
(a) Approval of the texts of the international agreements contemplated in article III.
(b) Approval of the regular budget of the Latin Union. However, the contributions of the member States which constitute that majority must represent at least fifty per cent of the contributions to the Union.
(c) Change of headquarters.
(d) Approval of the text of any amendment to the provisions of this Agreement.
Article XI
The Congress shall:
(a) Draw up and approve its rules of procedure.
(b) Determine the general focus of the activities of the Latin Union and approve its work programme for each biennium.
(c) Establish the budget of the Union, the financial participation of each member State and the currency in which payments are to be made.
(d) Proclaim those States which ratify or accede to this Agreement, when it enters into force, to be members of the Latin Union.
(e) Elect the States to serve on the Executive Council.
(f) Appoint the Secretary-General of the Union and approve the organization of the Secretariat, as well as that of its subordinate organs.
(g) Consider the reports of the Executive Council, the Secretariat and the member States of the Union.
(h) Propose to member States plans of general interest to be implemented in their respective territories.
(i) Approve any agreements that the Latin Union may conclude pursuant to article III.
Article XII
The Congress may invite States that do not belong to the Latin Union as well as international organizations or institutions that may contribute to the implementation of the Union"s programme to attend its regular and special meetings as observers.
Executive council
Article XIII
1. The Executive Council shall be composed of ten member States, elected for four years.
2. Half of the membership of the Executive Council shall be renewed every two years.
3. The Congress shall elect the countries to serve on the Executive Council, in the proportion of four European countries to six American countries, endeavouring to ensure fair geographical distribution to the extent possible.
4. The member States of the Executive Council may be re-elected.
5. The elected States shall designate their representatives to the Council.
6. The Council shall proceed every two years to elect from among its members in rotation a President who shall cast the deciding vote in the event of a tie.
7. The Secretary-General of the Union shall act as Secretary-General of the Council.
Article XIV
1. The Executive Council shall meet at least once a year, in regular session, at the location of its choice, taking into account the recommendations of the Congress.
2. The Executive Council may be convened by its President in special session, either by decision of the President or at the request of one third of its members.
3. The President of the Council shall determine the location where the meeting is to be held.
Article XV
The Executive Council shall:
(a) Draw up its rules of procedure, subject to approval by the Congress.
(b) Submit the organigram and regulations of the Secretariat of the Union for the approval of the Congress.
(c) Ensure that the Secretariat implements the resolutions of the Congress and its own resolutions, in accordance with the guidelines which it establishes for that purpose.
(d) Maintain frequent contact, through the appropriate channel, with member States and their National Committees, in order to provide them with all necessary assistance in the performance of their obligations under the programme of the Union.
(e) Prepare the agenda, work plan and preliminary budget to be submitted to the Congress, at least six months in advance.
(f) Submit the text of the agreements contemplated in article III for the approval of the Congress.
(g) Submit for the approval of the Congress or, in an emergency, the member States the acceptance of donations, bequests or subsidies for the implementation of the programme, whether from governments, public or private entities or individuals.
(h) Provide study grants to artists, scientists, teachers, students, technicians and workers in the various Latin countries.
(i) Convene the Congress in special session in an emergency. This may be done at the request of the majority of the member States or by decision of two thirds of the members of the Council.
Article XVI
1. The Secretariat shall provide all administrative and technical services for the Union.
2. It shall be headed by a Secretary-General, appointed by the Congress for a period of four years.
3. The appointment of the Secretary-General shall be renewable.
Article XVII
The Secretary-General shall:
(a) Ensure the implementation of all the resolutions of the Congress and the Executive Council of the Latin Union.
(b) Appoint the staff of the Secretariat and all its subordinate organs, according to regulations established by the Executive Council.
(c) Submit the administrative report and financial statements of the Union annually to the Executive Council.
(d) Organize and direct a publications and information service on the general activities of the Union.
(e) Maintain the closest coordination between all the organs and services of the Union and be responsible for liaison with the member States and National Committees.
(f) Make the necessary technical arrangements for cultural exchanges between Latin countries.
(g) Centralize exchange services of all kinds and manage the funds allocated to such exchanges by the Congress.
(h) Convene meetings of the Committees created by the Congress and participate in their work.
Article XVIII
The permanent headquarters of the Latin Union shall be established in the capital of one of the Latin American States.
Obligations of member States
Article XIX
1. Member States undertake to pay to the Union the financial contributions determined by the Congress.
2. Such contributions shall be based on a scale approved by the Congress in regular session, which may be revised every two years.
Article XX
Each member State shall appoint a National Committee responsible for maintaining ongoing contact with the Secretariat of the Union, through the appropriate channels, in order to cooperate in the implementation of its programme.
Article XXI
Each member State shall transmit to the Union, following the format and timing determined by the Congress, a report on its activities and achievements within the framework of the programme of the Union and on the follow-up to the resolutions and recommendations adopted by the Congress. It shall also transmit the report of its National Committee, when appropriate.
Article XXII
The text of any amendments to the provisions of this Agreement proposed by a member State shall be submitted to the Executive Council, at least one year before the next regular meeting of the Congress. The Council shall immediately transmit the text to the other member States and shall include it on the agenda of the Congress.
Article XXIII
1. Amendments to the provisions of this Agreement shall enter into force after they have been ratified by a majority of the member States.
2. Amendments concerning the goals, organs, voting system and obligations of member States shall enter into force only after they have been ratified by the entire membership of the Union.
Ratification, accession and entry into force
Article XXIV
1. This Agreement shall enter into force between the States that have ratified it as soon as it has been ratified by a majority of the States which participated in the Second International Congress of the Latin Union held in 1954.
2. The instruments of ratification or accession shall be deposited with the provisional Executive Council established in the transitional provisions. The Council shall inform all States signatories to this Agreement of receipt of all instruments of ratification and the date of entry into force of the Agreement in accordance with the preceding paragraph.
Article XXV
Following the entry into force of this Agreement, subsequent ratifications or accessions shall take effect immediately. Instruments of ratification or accession shall be deposited with the Executive Council, which shall notify the other signatories of receipt of such instruments.
Article XXVI
1. This Agreement, the Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and French texts of which are equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Spain, in Madrid, following the Second International Congress of the Latin Union.
2. Instruments of ratification and accession shall be transmitted by the Executive Council or provisional Executive Council to the above-mentioned Ministry for keeping in its archives.
Article XXVII
1. Any member State may denounce this Agreement by giving notice to the Executive Council, which shall transmit such notice to the other member States.
2. The denunciation shall not become effective until six months after the date of the notice to the Council.
Transitional provisions
First. The Second International Congress of the Latin Union shall elect a provisional Executive Council which shall become, ipso facto, the Executive Council of the Union as soon as this Agreement enters into force.
Second. The terms of one half of the members of the provisional Council shall expire during the first regular session of the Congress to be held after this Agreement has entered into force. The retiring members shall be designated by drawing lots, if necessary, respecting the proportion of two European countries to three American countries.
Third. The terms of the other half of the members of the Council shall expire during the second regular session of the Congress to be held after this Agreement has entered into force.
Fourth. Until the meeting of the next Congress of the Latin Union, the Secretariat shall have a Secretary-General and three Deputy Secretaries, appointed by the Second International Congress of the Latin Union. They shall perform their functions according to the guidelines of the provisional Executive Council, as established in this Agreement.
Fifth. The next Congress of the Latin Union shall designate the Latin American capital where the permanent headquarters of the Union will be located.
Sixth. All States of Latin language and culture which took part in either of the first two International Congresses of the Latin Union shall be invited to sign and ratify this Agreement.
In witness whereof, the undersigned Plenipotentiaries have signed the Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and French texts of this Agreement.
Done in Madrid on the fifteenth day of May of nineteen hundred and fifty-four.

Международное законодательство »
Читайте также