<СОГЛАШЕНИЕ ОБ УЧРЕЖДЕНИИ ЛАТИНСКОГО СОЮЗА> [англ.](Заключено в г. Мадриде 15.05.1954)
ESTABLISHING THE LATIN UNION
The States signatories to this Convention,
Aware of the mission incumbent upon the Latin peoples in the evolution of ideas,
the enhancement of morals and the material progress of the world,
Faithful to the spiritual values on which their humanistic and Christian
civilization is based,
United by their common destiny and adhering to
the same principles of peace and social justice, respect for human dignity and
freedom, and independence and integrity of the Nations,
Relying on the
solidarity which past history and common ideals create and sustain among peoples
whose policies are based thereon,
Decide to unite their efforts to
ensure the complete fulfilment of their cultural aspirations and thus contribute
to the strengthening of peace and to the constant moral improvement and material
progress of humanity,
And to this end, agree to create the Latin
Membership and goals of the Latin Union
Latin Union is composed of those States of Latin language and culture which sign
and ratify this Agreement, or accede to it in due form.
goals of the Latin Union are:
(a) To promote maximum intellectual
cooperation between member countries and to reinforce the spiritual and moral
ties that unite them.
(b) To strengthen and disseminate the values of
their common cultural heritage.
(c) To improve mutual knowledge of the
characteristics, institutions and specific needs of each of the Latin
(d) To place the moral and spiritual values of Latinity at the
service of international relations, as a means of improving understanding and
cooperation among countries and achieving prosperity for their peoples.
For the efficient
implementation of its programme, the Latin Union may enter into special
(a) With a member State.
(b) With a non-member
(c) With any international and intergovernmental organization or
institution which may collaborate in the implementation of the programme of the
Member States shall grant to
the Latin Union the legal status required for the full performance of its
functions, as determined in this Agreement, subject to their own sovereignty and
1. The main organs of the Latin Union shall be:
the Congress, the Executive Council and the Secretariat.
2. The Congress
may also establish any subsidiary organs which it deems necessary.
1. The Congress shall be composed of
representatives of the member States of the Union.
2. The Government of
each member State shall appoint a delegation composed of not more than five
3. The Secretary-General of the Union shall be the
Secretary-General of the Congress.
1. The Congress shall
meet every two years in regular session, at the location and on the date that it
2. It shall meet in special session when convened by the
Executive Council in the cases contemplated in article XV, paragraph (i), at the
location determined by the Council.
1. Each delegation
shall have one vote in the Congress and in each of its subsidiary organs.
2. No delegation may represent another or vote for it.
shall not have the right to vote.
The Congress and its
subsidiary organs shall adopt their decisions by a majority of the delegations
present and voting, except as specified in article X.
Decisions of the Congress shall be taken by a two-thirds majority of the
delegations present and voting in the following cases:
(a) Approval of
the texts of the international agreements contemplated in article III.
(b) Approval of the regular budget of the Latin Union. However, the
contributions of the member States which constitute that majority must represent
at least fifty per cent of the contributions to the Union.
(c) Change of
(d) Approval of the text of any amendment to the
provisions of this Agreement.
The Congress shall:
(a) Draw up and approve its rules of procedure.
(b) Determine the
general focus of the activities of the Latin Union and approve its work
programme for each biennium.
(c) Establish the budget of the Union, the
financial participation of each member State and the currency in which payments
are to be made.
(d) Proclaim those States which ratify or accede to this
Agreement, when it enters into force, to be members of the Latin Union.
(e) Elect the States to serve on the Executive Council.
(f) Appoint the
Secretary-General of the Union and approve the organization of the Secretariat,
as well as that of its subordinate organs.
(g) Consider the reports of
the Executive Council, the Secretariat and the member States of the Union.
(h) Propose to member States plans of general interest to be implemented in
their respective territories.
(i) Approve any agreements that the Latin
Union may conclude pursuant to article III.
may invite States that do not belong to the Latin Union as well as international
organizations or institutions that may contribute to the implementation of the
Union"s programme to attend its regular and special meetings as observers.
1. The Executive Council shall be
composed of ten member States, elected for four years.
2. Half of the
membership of the Executive Council shall be renewed every two years.
The Congress shall elect the countries to serve on the Executive Council, in the
proportion of four European countries to six American countries, endeavouring to
ensure fair geographical distribution to the extent possible.
member States of the Executive Council may be re-elected.
5. The elected
States shall designate their representatives to the Council.
Council shall proceed every two years to elect from among its members in
rotation a President who shall cast the deciding vote in the event of a tie.
7. The Secretary-General of the Union shall act as Secretary-General of the
1. The Executive Council shall meet at least once
a year, in regular session, at the location of its choice, taking into account
the recommendations of the Congress.
2. The Executive Council may be
convened by its President in special session, either by decision of the
President or at the request of one third of its members.
President of the Council shall determine the location where the meeting is to be
The Executive Council shall:
(a) Draw up its
rules of procedure, subject to approval by the Congress.
(b) Submit the
organigram and regulations of the Secretariat of the Union for the approval of
(c) Ensure that the Secretariat implements the resolutions
of the Congress and its own resolutions, in accordance with the guidelines which
it establishes for that purpose.
(d) Maintain frequent contact, through
the appropriate channel, with member States and their National Committees, in
order to provide them with all necessary assistance in the performance of their
obligations under the programme of the Union.
(e) Prepare the agenda,
work plan and preliminary budget to be submitted to the Congress, at least six
months in advance.
(f) Submit the text of the agreements contemplated in
article III for the approval of the Congress.
(g) Submit for the
approval of the Congress or, in an emergency, the member States the acceptance
of donations, bequests or subsidies for the implementation of the programme,
whether from governments, public or private entities or individuals.
Provide study grants to artists, scientists, teachers, students, technicians and
workers in the various Latin countries.
(i) Convene the Congress in
special session in an emergency. This may be done at the request of the majority
of the member States or by decision of two thirds of the members of the
1. The Secretariat shall provide
all administrative and technical services for the Union.
2. It shall be
headed by a Secretary-General, appointed by the Congress for a period of four
3. The appointment of the Secretary-General shall be
The Secretary-General shall:
Ensure the implementation of all the resolutions of the Congress and the
Executive Council of the Latin Union.
(b) Appoint the staff of the
Secretariat and all its subordinate organs, according to regulations established
by the Executive Council.
(c) Submit the administrative report and
financial statements of the Union annually to the Executive Council.
Organize and direct a publications and information service on the general
activities of the Union.
(e) Maintain the closest coordination between
all the organs and services of the Union and be responsible for liaison with the
member States and National Committees.
(f) Make the necessary technical
arrangements for cultural exchanges between Latin countries.
Centralize exchange services of all kinds and manage the funds allocated to such
exchanges by the Congress.
(h) Convene meetings of the Committees
created by the Congress and participate in their work.
The permanent headquarters of the Latin Union shall be
established in the capital of one of the Latin American States.
of member States
1. Member States undertake to pay to the
Union the financial contributions determined by the Congress.
contributions shall be based on a scale approved by the Congress in regular
session, which may be revised every two years.
State shall appoint a National Committee responsible for maintaining ongoing
contact with the Secretariat of the Union, through the appropriate channels, in
order to cooperate in the implementation of its programme.
Each member State shall transmit to the Union, following the format and timing
determined by the Congress, a report on its activities and achievements within
the framework of the programme of the Union and on the follow-up to the
resolutions and recommendations adopted by the Congress. It shall also transmit
the report of its National Committee, when appropriate.
The text of any amendments to the provisions of this
Agreement proposed by a member State shall be submitted to the Executive
Council, at least one year before the next regular meeting of the Congress. The
Council shall immediately transmit the text to the other member States and shall
include it on the agenda of the Congress.
to the provisions of this Agreement shall enter into force after they have been
ratified by a majority of the member States.
2. Amendments concerning
the goals, organs, voting system and obligations of member States shall enter
into force only after they have been ratified by the entire membership of the
Ratification, accession and entry into force
1. This Agreement shall enter into force between the States that have ratified
it as soon as it has been ratified by a majority of the States which
participated in the Second International Congress of the Latin Union held in
2. The instruments of ratification or accession shall be deposited
with the provisional Executive Council established in the transitional
provisions. The Council shall inform all States signatories to this Agreement of
receipt of all instruments of ratification and the date of entry into force of
the Agreement in accordance with the preceding paragraph.
Following the entry into force of this Agreement, subsequent ratifications or
accessions shall take effect immediately. Instruments of ratification or
accession shall be deposited with the Executive Council, which shall notify the
other signatories of receipt of such instruments.
Agreement, the Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and French texts of which are
equally authentic, shall be deposited in the archives of the Ministry of Foreign
Affairs of Spain, in Madrid, following the Second International Congress of the
2. Instruments of ratification and accession shall be
transmitted by the Executive Council or provisional Executive Council to the
above-mentioned Ministry for keeping in its archives.
1. Any member State may denounce this Agreement by giving
notice to the Executive Council, which shall transmit such notice to the other
2. The denunciation shall not become effective until six
months after the date of the notice to the Council.
First. The Second International Congress of the Latin Union
shall elect a provisional Executive Council which shall become, ipso facto, the
Executive Council of the Union as soon as this Agreement enters into force.
Second. The terms of one half of the members of the provisional Council
shall expire during the first regular session of the Congress to be held after
this Agreement has entered into force. The retiring members shall be designated
by drawing lots, if necessary, respecting the proportion of two European
countries to three American countries.
Third. The terms of the other
half of the members of the Council shall expire during the second regular
session of the Congress to be held after this Agreement has entered into
Fourth. Until the meeting of the next Congress of the Latin
Union, the Secretariat shall have a Secretary-General and three Deputy
Secretaries, appointed by the Second International Congress of the Latin Union.
They shall perform their functions according to the guidelines of the
provisional Executive Council, as established in this Agreement.
The next Congress of the Latin Union shall designate the Latin American capital
where the permanent headquarters of the Union will be located.
All States of Latin language and culture which took part in either of the first
two International Congresses of the Latin Union shall be invited to sign and
ratify this Agreement.
In witness whereof, the undersigned
Plenipotentiaries have signed the Spanish, Italian, Portuguese and French texts
of this Agreement.
Done in Madrid on the fifteenth day of May of nineteen
hundred and fifty-four.