<ПЕРЕСМОТРЕННЫЙ ТЕКСТ МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ КОНВЕНЦИИ ПО ЗАЩИТЕ РАСТЕНИЙ, ЗАКЛЮЧЕННОЙ В РИМЕ 6 ДЕКАБРЯ 1951 ГОДА> [англ.](Одобрен в г. Риме 28.11.1979 Резолюцией 14/79 на 20-ой сессии Конференции ФАО)
OF THE INTERNATIONAL PLANT PROTECTION CONVENTION
The contracting parties, recognizing the
usefulness of international cooperation in controlling pests of plants and plant
products and in preventing their spread, and especially their introduction
across national boundaries, and desiring to ensure close coordination of
measures directed to these ends, have agreed as follows:
Purpose and Responsibility
1. With the purpose of securing common and
effective action to prevent the spread and introduction of pests of plants and
plant products and to promote measures for their control, the contracting
parties undertake to adopt the legislative, technical and administrative
measures specific in this Convention and in supplementary agreements pursuant to
2. Each contracting party shall assume responsibility for
the fulfillment within its territories of all requirements under this
1. For the purpose of this
Convention the term "plants" shall comprise living plants and parts thereof,
including seeds in so far as the supervision of their importation under Article
VI of the Convention or the issue of phytosanitary certificates in respect of
them under Articles IV (1) (a) (iv) and V of this Convention may be deemed
necessary by contracting parties; and the term "plant products" shall comprise
unmanufactured material of plant origin (including seeds in so far as they are
not included in the term "plants") and those manufactured products which, by
their nature or that of their processing, may create a risk for the spread of
2. For the purposes of this Convention, the term "pest" means any
form of plant or animal life, or any pathogenic agent, injurious or potentially
injurious to plants or plant products; and the term "quarantine pest" means a
pest of potential national economic importance to the country endangered thereby
and not yet present there, or present but not widely distributed and being
3. Where appropriate, the provisions of this
Convention may be deemed by contracting parties to extend to storage places,
conveyances, containers and any other object or material capable of harbouring
or spreading plant pests, particularly where international transportation is
4. This Convention applies mainly to quarantine pests involved
with international trade.
5. The definitions set forth in this Article,
being limited to the application of this Convention, shall not be deemed to
affect definitions established under domestic laws or regulations or contracting
agreements applicable to specific regions, to specific pests, to specific plants
and plant products, to specific methods of international transportation of
plants and plant products, or otherwise supplementing the provisions of this
Convention, may be proposed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the
United Nations (hereinafter referred to as "FAO") on the recommendation of a
contracting party or on its own initiative, to meet special problems of plant
protection which need particular attention or action.
2. Any such
supplementary agreements shall come into force for each contracting party after
acceptance in accordance with the provisions of the FAO Constitution and General
Rules of the Organization.
National Organization for Plant
1. Each contracting party shall make provision, as soon as
possible and to the best of its ability, for
(a) an official plant
protection organization with the following main functions:
inspection of growing plants, of areas under cultivation (including fields,
plantations, nurseries, gardens and greenhouses), and of plants and plant
products in storage or in transportation, particularly with the object of
reporting the existence, outbreak and spread of plant pests and of controlling
(ii) the inspection of consignments of plants and plant
products moving in international traffic, and, where appropriate, the inspection
of consignments of other articles or commodities moving in international traffic
under conditions where they may act incidentally as carriers of pests of plants
and plant products, and the inspection and supervision of storage and
transportation facilities of all kinds involved in international traffic whether
of plants and plant products or of other commodities, particularly with the
object of preventing the dissemination across national boundaries of pests of
plants and plant products;
(iii) the disinfestation or disinfection of
consignments of plants and plant products moving in international traffic, and
their containers (including packing material or matter of any kind accompanying
plants or plant products), storage places, or transportation facilities of all
(iv) the issuance of certificates relating to
phytosanitary condition and origin of consignments of plants and plant products
(hereinafter referred to as "phytosanitary certificates");
distribution of information within the country regarding the pests of plants and
plant products and the means of their prevention and control;
research and investigation in the field of plant protection.
contracting party shall submit a description of the scope of its national
organization for plant protection and of changes in such organization to the
Director-General of FAO, who shall circulate such information to all contracting
1. Each contracting
party shall make arrangements for the issuance of phytosanitary certificates to
accord with the plant protection regulations of other contracting parties, and
in conformity with the following provisions:
(a) Inspection shall be
carried out and certificates issued only by or under the authority of
technically qualified and duly authorized officers and in such circumstances and
with such knowledge and information available to those officers that the
authorities of importing countries may accept such certificates with confidence
as dependable documents.
(b) Each certificate for the export or
re-export of plants or plant products shall be as worded in the Annex to this
(c) Uncertified alterations or erasures shall invalidate the
2. Each contracting party undertakes not to require
consignments of plants or plant products imported into its territories to be
accompanied by phytosanitary certificates inconsistent with the models set out
in the Annex to this Convention. Any requirement for additional declarations
shall be kept to a minimum.
Requirements in Relation to
1. With the aim of preventing the introduction of pests of plants
and plant products into their territories, contracting parties shall have full
authority to regulate the entry of plants and plant products and to this end,
(a) prescribe restrictions or requirements concerning the
importation of plants or plant products;
(b) prohibit the importation of
particular plants or plant products, or of particular consignments of plants or
(c) inspect or detain particular consignments of plants
or plant products;
(d) treat, destroy or refuse entry to particular
consignments of plants or plant products which do not comply with the
requirements prescribed under sub-paragraph (a) or (b) of this paragraph, or
require such consignments to be treated or destroyed or removed from the
(e) list pests whose introduction is prohibited or restricted
because they are of potential economic importance to the country concerned.
2. In order to minimize interference with international trade, each
contracting party undertakes to carry out the provisions referred to in
paragraph 1 of this Article in conformity with the following:
Contracting parties shall not, under their plant protection legislation, take
any of the measures specified in paragraph 1 of this Article unless such
measures are made necessary by phytosanitary considerations.
(b) if a
contracting party prescribes any restrictions or requirements concerning the
importation of plants and plant products into its territories, it shall publish
the restrictions or requirements and communicate them immediately to FAO, any
regional plant protection organization of which the contracting party is a
member and all other contracting parties directly concerned.
(c) If a
contracting party prohibits, under the provisions of its plant protection
legislation, the importation of any plants or plant product, it shall publish
its decision with reasons and shall immediately inform FAO, any regional plant
protection organization of which the contracting party is a member and all other
contracting parties directly concerned.
(d) If a contracting party
requires consignments of particular plants or plant products to be imported only
through specified points of entry, such points shall be so selected as not
unnecessarily to impede international commerce. The contracting party shall
publish a list of such points of entry and communicate it to FAO, any regional
plant protection organization of which the contracting party is a member and all
other contracting parties directly concerned. Such restrictions on points of
entry shall not be made unless the plants or plant products concerned are
required to be accompanied by phytosanitary certificates or to be submitted to
inspection or treatment.
(e) Any inspection by the plant protection
organization of a contracting party of consignments of plants or plant products
offered for importation shall take place as promptly as possible with due regard
to the perishability of the plants or plant products concerned. If any
commercial or certified consignment of plants or plant products is found not to
conform to the requirements of the plant protection legislation of the importing
country, the plant protection organization of the importing country must ensure
that the plant protection organization of the exporting country is properly and
adequately informed. If the consignment is destroyed, in whole or in part, an
official report shall be forwarded immediately to the plant protection
organization of the exporting country.
(f) Contracting parties shall
make provisions which, without endangering their own plant production, will keep
certification requirements to a minimum, particularly for plants or plant
products not intended for planting, such as cereals, fruits, vegetables and cut
(g) Contracting parties may make provisions, with adequate
safeguards, for the importation for purposes of scientific research or
education, of plants and plant products and of specimens of plant pests.
Adequate safeguards likewise need to be taken when introducing biological
control agents and organisms claimed to be beneficial.
3. The measures
specified in this Article shall not be applied to goods in transit throughout
the territories of contracting parties unless such measures are necessary for
the protection of their own plants.
4. FAO shall disseminate information
received on importation restrictions, requirements, prohibitions and regulations
(as specified in paragraph 2 (b), (c) and (d) of this Article) at frequent
intervals to all contracting parties and regional plant protection
contracting parties shall cooperate with one another to the fullest practicable
extent in achieving the aims of this Convention, in particular as follows:
(a) Each contracting party agrees to cooperate with FAO in the establishment
of a world reporting service on plant pests, making full use of the facilities
and services of existing organizations for this purpose, and, when this is
established, to furnish to FAO periodically, for distribution by FAO to the
contracting parties, the following information:
(i) reports on the
existence, outbreak and spread of economically important pests of plants and
plane products which may be of immediate or potential danger;
information on means found to be effective in controlling the pests of plants
and plant products.
(b) Each contracting party shall, as far as is
practicable, participate in any special campaigns for combating particular
destructive pests which may seriously threaten crop production and need
international action to meet the emergencies.
Plant Protection Organizations
1. The contracting parties undertake to
cooperate with one another in establishing regional plant protection
organizations in appropriate areas.
2. The regional plant protection
organizations shall function as the coordinating bodies in the areas covered,
shall participate in various activities to achieve the objectives of this
Convention and, where appropriate, shall gather and disseminate information.
Settlement of Disputes
1. If there is any dispute
regarding the interpretation or application of this Convention, or if a
contracting party considers that any action by another contracting party is in
conflict with the obligations of the latter under Articles V and VI of this
Convention, especially regarding the basis of prohibiting or restricting the
imports of plants or plant products coming from its territories, the Government
or Governments concerned may request the Director-General of FAO to appoint a
committee to consider the question in dispute.
2. The Director-General
of FAO shall thereupon, after consultation with the Governments concerned,
appoint a committee of experts which shall include representatives of those
Governments. This committee shall consider the question in dispute, caking into
account all documents and other forms of evidence submitted by the Governments
concerned. This committee shall submit a report co the Director-General of FAO,
who shall transmit it to the Governments concerned and to the Governments of
other contracting parties.
3. The contracting parties agree that the
recommendations of such a committee, while not binding in character, will become
the basis for renewed consideration by the Governments concerned of the matter
out of which the disagreement arose.
4. The Governments concerned shall
share equally the expenses of the experts.
This Convention shall terminate and replace, between
contracting parties, the International Convention respecting measures to be
taken against the Phylloxera vastatrix of 3 November 1881 the additional
Convention signed at Berne on 15 April 1889 and the International Convention for
the Protection of Plants signed at Rome on 16 April 1929.
1. Any State may at the time of ratification or
adherence or at any time thereafter communicate to the Director-General of FAO a
declaration that this Convention shall extend to all or any of the territories
for the international relations of which it is responsible, and this Convention
shall be applicable to all territories specified in the declaration as from the
thirtieth day after the receipt of the declaration by the Director-General.
2. Any State which has communicated to the Director-General of FAO a
declaration in accordance with paragraph 1 of this Article may at any time
communicate a further declaration modifying the scope of any former declaration
or terminating the application of the provisions of the present Convention in
respect of any territory. Such modification or termination shall take effect as
from the thirtieth day after the receipt of the declaration by the
3. The Director-General of FAO shall inform all
signatory and adhering States of any declaration received under this Article.
Ratification and Adherence
1. This Convention shall be
open for signature by all States until 1 May 1952 and shall be ratified at the
earliest possible date. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with
the Director-General of FAO, who shall give notice of the date of deposit to
each of the signatory States.
2. As soon as this Convention has come
into force in accordance with Article XIV, it shall be open for adherence by
non-signatory States. Adherence shall be effected by the deposit of an
instrument of adherence with the Director-General of FAO, who shall notify all
signatory and adhering States.
proposal by a contracting party for the amendment of this Convention shall be
communicated to the Director-General of FAO.
2. Any proposed amendment
of this Convention received by the Director-General of FAO from a contracting
party shall be presented to a regular or special session of the Conference of
FAO for approval and, if the amendment involves important technical changes or
imposes additional obligations on the contracting parties, it shall be
considered by an advisory committee of specialists convened by FAO prior to the
3. Notice of any proposed amendment of this Convention shall
be transmitted to the contracting parties by the Director-General of FAO not
later than the time when the agenda of the session of the Conference at which
the matter is to be considered is dispatched.
4. Any such proposed
admendment of this Convention shall require the approval of the Conference of
FAO and shall come into force as from the thirtieth day after acceptance by
two-thirds of the contracting parties. Amendments involving new obligations for
contracting parties, however, shall come into force in respect of each
contracting party only on acceptance by it and as from the thirtieth day after
5. The instruments of acceptance of amendments
involving new obligations shall be deposited such the Director-General of FAO,
who shall inform all contracting parties of the receipt of acceptances and the
entry into force of amendments.
Entry into Force
soon as this Convention has been ratified by three signatory States it shall
come into force between them. It shall come into force for each State ratifying
or adhering thereafter from the date of deposit of its instrument of
ratification or adherence.
contracting party may at any time give notice of denunciation of this Convention
by notification addressed to the Director-General of FAO. The Director-General
shall at once inform all signatory and adhering States.
shall take effect one year from the date of receipt of the notification by the
Director-General of FAO.