<Европейская конвенция о защите животных, предназначенных на убой> (ets n 102) [англ.] (Заключена в г. Страсбурге 10.05.1979)
FOR THE PROTECTION OF ANIMALS FOR SLAUGHTER
(ETS N 102)
The member States of the Council of
Europe, signatory hereto,
Considering that it is desirable to ensure the
protection of animals which are to be slaughtered;
slaughter methods which as far as possible spare animals suffering and pain
should be uniformly applied in their countries;
Considering that fear,
distress, suffering and pain inflicted on an animal during slaughter may affect
the quality of the meat,
Have agreed as follows:
CHAPTER 1. GENERAL
1. This Convention shall apply to the movement,
lairaging, restraint, stunning and slaughter of domestic solipeds, ruminants,
pigs, rabbits and poultry.
2. For the purpose of this Convention:
Slaughterhouse: shall mean any premises under health control, intended for the
professional slaughter of animals to produce meat for consumption or for any
Moving animals: shall mean unloading or driving them from
unloading platforms or from stalls or pens at slaughterhouses to the premises or
place where they are to be slaughtered;
Lairaging: shall mean keeping
animals in stalls, pens or covered areas at slaughterhouses in order to give
them the necessary attention (water, fodder, rest) before they are
Restraint: shall mean the application to an animal of any
procedure in conformity with the provisions of this Convention designed to
restrict its movements in order to facilitate stunning or slaughter;
Stunning: shall mean any process in conformity with the provisions of this
Convention, which when applied to an animal induces a state of insensibility
which lasts until it is dead, thus sparing it in any event any avoidable
Slaughter: shall mean causing the death of an animal after
restraint, stunning and bleeding with the exceptions provided for in Chapter III
of this Convention.
1. Each Contracting Party shall take the
necessary steps to ensure the implementation of the provisions of this
2. Nothing in this Convention shall, however, prevent
Contracting Parties from adopting more stringent rules to protect animals.
3. Each Contracting Party shall ensure that the design, construction and
facilities of slaughterhouses and their operation shall be such as to ensure
that the appropriate conditions provided for in this Convention are complied
with in order to spare animals any avoidable excitement, pain or suffering.
4. For slaughtering outside or inside slaughterhouses each Contracting Party
shall ensure that the animals are spared any avoidable pain or
CHAPTER II. DELIVERY OF ANIMALS TO SLAUGHTERHOUSES
THEIR LAIRAGING UNTIL THEY ARE SLAUGHTERED
1. Animals shall be
unloaded as soon as possible. While waiting in the means of transport they shall
be protected from extremes of weather and provided with adequate
2. The personnel responsible for moving and lairaging such
animals shall have the knowledge and skills required and shall comply with the
requirements set out in this Convention.
THE MOVING OF ANIMALS
WITHIN THE PRECINCTS
1. The animals
shall be unloaded and moved with care.
2. Suitable equipment such as
bridges, ramps, or gangways, shall be used for unloading animals. The equipment
shall be constructed with flooring which will permit a proper foothold and, if
necessary, shall be provided with lateral protection. Bridges, ramps and
gangways shall have the minimum possible incline.
3. The animals shall
not be frightened or excited. In any event care must be taken to ensure that
animals are not overturned on bridges, ramps or gangways and that they cannot
fall from them. In particular animals shall not be lifted by the head, feet or
tail in a manner which will cause them pain or suffering.
necessary, animals shall be led individually. Corridors along which they are
moved must be so designed that they cannot injure themselves.
1. When animals are moved their gregarious tendencies shall be exploited.
Instruments shall be used solely to guide them and must only be used for short
periods. In particular, they shall not be struck on, nor shall pressure be
applied to, any particularly sensitive part of the body. Electric shocks may be
used for bovine animals and pigs only, provided that the shocks last no more
than two seconds, are adequately spaced out and the animals have room to move;
such shocks shall be applied only to appropriate muscles.
tails shall not be crushed, twisted or broken and their eyes shall not be
grasped. Blows and kicks shall not be inflicted.
3. Cages, baskets or
crates in which animals are transported shall be handled with care. They shall
not be thrown to the ground or knocked over.
4. Animals delivered in
cages, baskets or crates with flexible or perforated bottoms shall be unloaded
with particular care in order to avoid injuring the animals' extremities. Where
appropriate they shall be unloaded individually.
shall not be taken to the place of slaughter unless they can be slaughtered
2. Animals which are not slaughtered immediately on arrival
shall be lairaged.
shall be protected from unfavourable climatic conditions. Slaughterhouses shall
be equipped with a sufficient number of stalls and pens for lairaging of the
animals with protection from the effects of adverse weather.
2. The floor
of areas where animals are unloaded, moved, kept waiting or temporarily based,
shall not be slippery. It shall be such that it can be cleaned, disinfected and
thoroughly drained of liquids.
3. Slaughterhouses shall have covered
areas with feeding and drinking troughs and arrangements for tying up
4. Animals which must spend the night at the slaughterhouse
shall be so housed and, when appropriate, tied up in such a way that they may
5. Animals naturally hostile to each other on account of their
species, sex, age or origin shall be separated from each other.
Animals which have been transported in cages, baskets or crates shall be
slaughtered as soon as possible; otherwise they shall be watered and fed in
accordance with the provisions of Article 8.
7. If animals have been
subjected to high temperatures in humid weather, they shall be cooled.
Where climatic conditions make it necessary (e.g. high humidity, low
temperatures), animals shall be placed in well-ventilated accommodation. During
foddering the stalls shall be adequately lit.
1. Unless they are conducted as soon as possible
to the place of slaughter, animals shall be offered water on arrival in the
2. With the exception of animals to be slaughtered within
twelve hours of their arrival, they shall subsequently be given moderate
quantities of food and water at appropriate intervals.
3. Where animals
are not tied up, feeding receptacles shall be provided which will permit the
animals to feed undisturbed.
1. The condition and state of
health of the animals shall be inspected at least every morning and
2. Sick, weak or injured animals shall be slaughtered
immediately. If this is not possible, they shall be separated in order to be
slaughtered as soon as possible.
In respect of reindeer, each Contracting Party may authorise derogations
from the provisions of Chapter II of this Convention.
Contracting Party may prescribe that the provisions of Chapter II of this
Convention shall be applied mutatis mutandis to moving and lairaging of animals
CHAPTER III. SLAUGHTERING
Animals shall be restrained where necessary immediately before
slaughtering and, with the exceptions set out in Article 17, shall be stunned by
an appropriate method.
In the case of the ritual slaughter of
animals of the bovine species, they shall be restrained before slaughter by
mechanical means designed to spare them all avoidable pain, suffering,
agitation, injury or contusions.
No means of restraint
causing avoidable suffering shall be used; animals' hind legs shall not be tied
nor shall they be suspended before stunning or, in the case of ritual slaughter,
before the end of bleeding. Poultry and rabbits may, however, be suspended for
slaughtering provided that stunning takes place directly after
Other slaughter operations than those mentioned
in Article 1, paragraph 2 may commence only after the animal's
1. The stunning methods authorised by each Contracting
Party shall bring animals into a state of insensibility which lasts until they
are slaughtered, thus sparing them in any event all avoidable suffering.
2. Use of the puntilla, hammer or pole-axe shall be prohibited.
3. In the
case of solipeds, ruminants and pigs, only the following stunning methods shall
- mechanical means employing instruments which administer a
blow or penetrate at the level of the brain;
4. Each Contracting Party may authorise derogations from
the provisions of paragraphs 2 and 3 of this Article in the case of slaughter of
an animal at the place where it was reared by the producer for his personal
1. Each Contracting Party may authorise
derogations from the provisions concerning prior stunning in the following
- slaughtering in accordance with religious rituals;
emergency slaughtering when stunning is not possible;
- slaughtering of
poultry and rabbits by authorised methods causing instantaneous death;
killing of animals for the purposes of health control where special reasons make
2. Each Contracting Party availing itself of the
provisions of paragraph 1 of this Article shall, however, ensure that at the
time of such slaughter or killing the animals are spared any avoidable pain or
1. Each Contracting Party shall make certain of
the skill of persons who are professionally engaged in the restraint, stunning
and slaughter of animals.
2. Each Contracting Party shall ensure that the
instruments, apparatus or installations necessary for the restraint and stunning
of animals comply with the requirements of the Convention.
Each Contracting Party permitting slaughter in accordance with religious
ritual shall ensure, when it does not itself issue the necessary authorisations,
that animal sacrificers are duly authorised by the religious bodies
CHAPTER IV. FINAL PROVISIONS
Convention shall be open to signature by the member States of the Council of
Europe and by the European Economic Community. It shall be subject to
ratification, acceptance or approval. Instruments of ratification, acceptance or
approval shall be deposited with the Secretary General of the Council of
2. This Convention shall enter into force six months after the
date of the deposit of the fourth instrument of ratification, acceptance or
approval by a member State of the Council of Europe.
3. In respect of a
signatory party ratifying, accepting or approving after the date referred to in
paragraph 2 of this Article, the Convention shall come into force six months
after the date of the deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance or
1. After the entry into force of this Convention,
the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe may, upon such terms and
conditions as it deems appropriate, invite any non-member State to accede
2. Such accession shall be effected by depositing with the
Secretary General of the Council of Europe an instrument of accession which
shall take effect six months after the date of its deposit.
1. Any State may, at the time of signature or when depositing its
instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession, specify the
territory or territories to which this Convention shall apply.
State may, when depositing its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval
or accession or at any later date, by declaration addressed to the Secretary
General of the Council of Europe, extend this Convention to any other territory
or territories specified in the declaration and for whose international
relations it is responsible or on whose behalf it is authorised to give
3. Any declaration made in pursuance of the preceding
paragraph may, in respect of any territory mentioned in such declaration, be
withdrawn by means of a notification addressed to the Secretary General. Such
withdrawal shall take effect six months after the date of receipt by the
Secretary General of such notification.
1. Any Contracting
Party may, in so far as it is concerned, denounce this Convention by means of a
notification addressed to the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.
2. Such denunciation shall take effect six months after the date of receipt by
the Secretary General of such notification.
General of the Council of Europe shall notify the member States of the Council
and any Contracting Party not a member of the Council of:
b. any deposit of an instrument of ratification, acceptance,
approval or accession;
c. any date of entry into force of this Convention
in accordance with Articles 20 and 21 thereof;
d. any declaration
received in pursuance of the provisions of Article 22, paragraph 2;
any notification received in pursuance of the provisions of Article 22,
f. any notification received in pursuance of the provisions
of Article 23 and the date on which denunciation takes effect.
whereof the undersigned, being duly authorised thereto, have signed this
Done at Strasbourg, this 10th day of May 1979, in English and in
French, both texts being equally authoritative, in a single copy which shall
remain deposited in the archives of the Council of Europe. The Secretary General
of the Council of Europe shall transmit certified copies to each of the
signatory and acceding Parties.