РЕКОМЕНДАЦИЯ n 28 Европейской экономической комиссии ООН"КОДЫ ДЛЯ ТИПОВ ТРАНСПОРТНЫХ СРЕДСТВ" (первое издание) (ece/trade/276) [рус., англ.](Принята в г. Женеве 26.03.2001 - 29.03.2001 на 7-ой сессии Центром по упрощению процедур торговли и электронным деловым операциям)


[перевод с английского]
ЕВРОПЕЙСКАЯ ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКАЯ КОМИССИЯ ООН
РЕКОМЕНДАЦИЯ N 28
КОДЫ ДЛЯ ТИПОВ ТРАНСПОРТНЫХ СРЕДСТВ
(ПЕРВОЕ ИЗДАНИЕ)
(Женева, 26 - 29 марта 2001 года)
I. ПРЕАМБУЛА
Организация Объединенных Наций через посредство СЕФАКТ ООН (Центра Организации Объединенных Наций по упрощению процедур торговли и электронным деловым операциям) поддерживает деятельность, направленную на усиление возможности деловых кругов, торговых и административных организаций в развитых и развивающихся странах и странах с переходной экономикой эффективно обмениваться товарами и соответствующими услугами. Главная задача Центра заключается в том, чтобы облегчить осуществление международных сделок посредством упрощения и согласования процедур и информационных потоков <*>.
--------------------------------
<*> Из описания задач СЕФАКТ ООН.
Глобализация рыночного пространства происходит быстрыми темпами, при этом компании приобретают отдельные компоненты продукции в одной части мира, производят их сборку в другой, а продают еще в каком-либо регионе. Тенденция, заключающаяся в осуществлении деловых операций с помощью электронных средств, ведет к увеличению физического объема товарных потоков, когда все чаще отгружаются более мелкие партии переработанной продукции и сырьевых материалов. Такая глобализация рынков обусловливает растущую необходимость в дальнейшем повышении эффективности и оперативности передачи информации. Задачу обеспечения эффективного обмена информацией на международных рынках можно решить за счет использования общих процедур и процессов, предполагающих применение глобально согласованных стандартов. В основе этого подхода лежит необходимость разработки четких механизмов определения данных и единых систем кодирования для обозначения конкретных элементов данных.
При обмене информацией в торговле и на транспорте часто требуется идентифицировать тип транспортных средств. Настоящая Рекомендация, являющаяся международным стандартом, предусматривает единую систему кодирования, которая облегчает процесс согласованной идентификации типов транспортных средств среди всех сторон, участвующих в обмене такой информацией.
В программе работы СЕФАКТ ООН подчеркивается необходимость выработки рекомендаций, направленных на упрощение и согласование текущей практики и процедур, используемых при осуществлении международных сделок. В этом контексте роль Рабочей группы по кодам (РГК) СЕФАКТ ООН состоит в обеспечении высокого качества, актуальности и наличия кодовых наборов и структур кодов для содействия выполнению задач СЕФАКТ ООН, включая регулирование деятельности по разработке рекомендаций ЕЭК ООН, касающихся кодов.
Настоящая Рекомендация была подготовлена во исполнение просьб о разработке конкретной системы кодирования типов транспортных средств, а также с учетом результатов пересмотра Рекомендации 19 (Коды видов транспорта), проведенного РГК.
II. РЕКОМЕНДАЦИЯ
На своей ... сессии в ... СЕФАКТ ООН постановил принять следующую Рекомендацию. Перечень стран и организаций, присутствовавших на этой сессии, содержится в Приложении 1.
Центр Организации Объединенных Наций no упрощению процедур торговли и электронным деловым операциям рекомендует правительствам и деловым кругам взаимно поощрять и стимулировать использование единой системы кодирования и классификации видов транспортных средств в целях содействия формированию общего подхода к упрощению торговли на общемировом уровне.
Это подразумевает:
1. Для участников международных торговых и транспортных операций:
- признание и использование кодов для типов транспортных средств;
2. Для правительств, международных организаций и национальных органов по упрощению торговли:
признание и стимулирование использования кодов для типов транспортных средств.
III. СФЕРА ОХВАТА
1. Настоящая Рекомендация предусматривает общий перечень кодов для идентификации типа транспортных средств. Она особо актуальна для транспортных организаций и поставщиков соответствующих услуг, таможенных и других органов, статистических управлений, экспедиторов, экспортеров, грузоотправителей и других субъектов, занимающихся вопросами транспорта.
IV. ОБЛАСТЬ ПРИМЕНЕНИЯ
2. Настоящая Рекомендация применяется в тех случаях, когда имеется необходимость указания типа транспортных средств в кодированном виде. Она предназначена для использования коммерческими организациями, административно-управленческими и регулирующими органами, занимающимися вопросами перевозок товаров и / или людей на национальном, региональном и международном уровнях. Коды, предусмотренные в Рекомендации, могут использоваться в неавтоматизированных и / или автоматизированных системах, например в контексте ЭОД и электронных деловых операций, для обмена информацией о типе транспортных средств.
V. ПОЯСНЕНИЯ
A. Определения
3. Для целей настоящей Рекомендации были приняты нижеследующие определения:
код: последовательность знаков, представляющая собой член набора значений;
перечень кодов: полный набор кодовых значений для отдельного элемента данных;
данные: информация, представленная в формализованном режиме повторной интерпретации, пригодном для сообщения, толкования и обработки;
документ: зарегистрированные постоянные данные, содержащие информацию;
ЭОД (электронный обмен данными): электронная передача с одного компьютера на другой информации о коммерческих или административных операциях с использованием согласованного стандарта для структурирования данных, относящихся к конкретной операции или сообщению;
электронные деловые операции: процесс заключения сделок электронным путем. Это включает в себя обмен неструктурированной или структурированной деловой информацией с помощью любых электронных средств между поставщиками, заказчиками, правительственными органами, фирмами, предоставляющими услуги, и другими сторонами в целях организации и практического выполнения операций в коммерческой, административной и других областях;
упрощение: проведение мер по упрощению, стандартизации и согласованию формальностей, процедур, документов и операций, связанных с международными торговыми сделками;
формальность: набор требований официального, коммерческого или институционального характера;
товары: все материалы, получаемые от грузоотправителя;
согласование: приведение национальных формальностей, процедур, документов, информации и операций в соответствие с признанными международными нормами, практикой и рекомендациями в области коммерческой деятельности;
транспортные средства: конкретный летательный аппарат, дорожное транспортное средство, судно или другое приспособление, используемые для перевозки товаров или людей;
вид транспорта: метод транспортировки, используемый для перевозки товаров;
процедура: меры, принимаемые с целью соблюдения какой-либо формальности, включая время, формат и метод представления необходимой информации;
стандартизация: разработка стандартов для обеспечения соответствия формальностей, процедур, документов, информации и операций.
B. История вопроса
B.1 Вид и средства транспорта
4. Информация о виде и средствах транспорта, используемых для перевозки товаров и / или людей, требуется в самых различных целях. Кроме того, эта информация сообщается с помощью многочисленных средств, таких, как бумажные документы или ЭОД.
5. Необходимость в такой информации может быть вызвана причинами договорного характера, например, если в договоре купли - продажи предусматриваются конкретные вид и средства транспорта. Во многих странах информация о виде и средствах транспорта требуется также в таможенных и статистических целях.
6. Транспортные средства, такие, как летательные аппараты, автотранспортные средства, железнодорожный подвижной состав, баржи и суда неограниченного морского плавания, зачастую идентифицируются с помощью регистрационного номера. Этот номер никогда не содержит информации о типе транспортного средства, к которому он относится. Поэтому требуется отличный метод для идентификации конкретного типа транспортных средств.
7. Также признано, что типы транспортных средств, как правило, зависят от вида транспорта. Таким образом, прилагаемый перечень кодов разбит на несколько разделов, каждый из которых посвящен конкретному виду транспорта.
B.2 Упрощение обмена информацией
8. Применение информационной технологии, такой, как ЭОД и электронные деловые операции, зависит от наличия точной и четко определенной информации.
9. При обмене информацией использование ясного кода для указания типа транспортных средств является предпочтительным по сравнению с применением отличающихся друг от друга и, возможно, неточных текстовых описаний. Применение таких описаний, в свою очередь, может приводить к расхождениям в толковании договорных обязательств.
10. Для многих процессов, таких, как сбор статистических данных и анализ транспортных операций, требуется метод единой идентификации типов транспортных средств.
11. Необходимость идентифицировать тип транспортных средств может обусловливаться просьбами, связанными с оказанием специальных транспортных услуг.
C. Конкретные соображения
12. Настоящую Рекомендацию следует использовать в сочетании с Рекомендацией 19 (Коды видов транспорта). В том случае, когда оговаривается код типа транспортного средства, необходимо учитывать возможность указания кода смежного вида транспорта. Это обеспечит правильное толкование обозначения типа транспортного средства.
13. В рамках ЭДИФАКТ ООН для этого требуется указать тип транспортного средства вместе с видом транспорта в сегменте TDT (Подробная информация о транспорте) с использованием соответственно С228 (Транспортное средство) и С220 (Вид транспорта).
14. Пользователям настоящей Рекомендации предлагается использовать ее в сочетании с другими применимыми рекомендациями Организации Объединенных Наций. К ним относятся:
- Рекомендация N 5 "Сокращения ИНКОТЕРМС";
- Рекомендация ООН N 8 "Методология единого идентификационного кода - ЕИК";
- Рекомендация ООН N 11 "Вопросы документации при международных перевозках опасных грузов";
- Рекомендация ООН N 16 "ЛОКОД ООН - Классификатор портов и других пунктов";
- Рекомендация ООН N 18 "Меры по упрощению процедур международной торговли";
- Рекомендация ООН N 19 "Коды видов транспорта";
- Рекомендация ООН N 21 "Коды для видов груза, упаковки и материала упаковки";
- Рекомендация ООН N 22 "Формуляр - образец для стандартных транспортных инструкций";
- Рекомендация ООН N 23 "Код фрахтовых расходов - КФР";
- Рекомендация ООН N 24 "Коды статуса торговли и перевозки".
15. Для того чтобы облегчить переход к прилагаемому перечню кодов, ряд кодов, содержащихся в Приложении 2, приведен в соответствие с существующими отраслевыми кодами. Применительно к конкретным элементам использовано как можно большее число источников, таких, как Регистр судоходства Ллойда, Международная морская организация, Международная палата по судоходству, Международная ассоциация воздушного транспорта, правительственные учреждения, администрации железных дорог и т.д.
16. Если говорить о воздушном транспорте, то составной частью настоящей Рекомендации следует считать коды для типов летательных аппаратов, опубликованные в Справочнике стандартных расписаний полетов ИАТА (IATA Standard Schedules Information Manual), на который делается ссылка в прилагаемом перечне кодов. Все стандарты могут пересматриваться, и участникам соглашений, которые включают в себя положения о воздушном транспорте, предусмотренные настоящей Рекомендацией, предлагается изучить возможность применения самого последнего издания Справочника ИАТА.
VI. РАЗРАБОТКА И ОБНОВЛЕНИЕ
17. Разработка настоящей Рекомендации от имени СЕФАКТ ООН будет осуществляться Рабочей группой по кодам (РГК) СЕФАКТ ООН.
18. Предложения, касающиеся обновления настоящей Рекомендации, следует направлять по адресу: Trade Facilitation Section, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Palais des Nations, CH-1211, Geneva 10, Swizerland, или электронной почте:
cefact@unece.org
19. Проекты пересмотренных вариантов текстовой части и / или перечня кодов, включенных в настоящую Рекомендацию, будут выпускаться РГК по мере необходимости и будут помещаться на Web-странице РГК:
http://www.unece.org/cefact
20. Проекты пересмотренных вариантов опубликовывают для высказывания замечаний в течение по крайней мере двух месяцев. Главы делегаций, которые участвуют в работе СЕФАКТ ООН, уведомляются о наличии конкретного проекта пересмотренного варианта и о периоде для высказывания замечаний. По окончании периода, предусмотренного для высказывания замечаний, РГК рассматривает все полученные замечания. В зависимости от полученных замечаний РГК выпускает новый проект пересмотренного варианта или подготавливает окончательный пересмотренный вариант для утверждения.
21. Окончательные пересмотренные варианты текстовой части настоящей Рекомендации подлежат утверждению на пленарной сессии СЕФАКТ ООН.
22. Окончательные пересмотренные варианты перечня кодов, включенных в настоящую Рекомендацию, подлежат утверждению на пленарной сессии РГК или, если пересматривается также и текстовая часть, на пленарной сессии СЕФАКТ ООН.
VII. СТРУКТУРА И ПРЕДСТАВЛЕНИЕ ПЕРЕЧНЯ КОДОВ
23. Перечень кодов представлен в приложении к настоящей Рекомендации следующим образом:
Приложение 2 Перечень кодов для типов транспортных средств.
24. Перечень кодов представлен с указанием информации в следующих колонках:
Знак изменений (С1)
знак сложения (+) добавление
диез (#) внесение изменений в наименование кода
вертикальная черта (|) внесение изменений в описание кода
буква X (X) помечено для исключения в настоящем
издании (не будет включено в следующее
издание)
Mode (M)
Код вида транспорта, определенный в Рекомендации 19
Code value
Значение трехзначного буквенно-цифрового кода, выраженное цифрами от 0 до 9 и заглавными буквами от A до Z.
В некоторых случаях само кодовое обозначение может иметь такую структуру, при которой ведущий(ие) знак(и) будет отражать общие характеристики, а подчиненные или подтиповые конкретные признаки будут отражены с помощью дополнительных конечных кодовых элементов. Например, применительно к морскому транспорту кодовое обозначение "50" означает "Универсальное сухогрузное судно", тогда как "501" является подчиненным кодовым элементов, обозначающим "Судно для перевозки зерна".
Для облегчения справочной работы некоторые кодовые обозначения представлены в виде двух составляющих (например "50 1"). На практике кодовые обозначения должны быть унитарными, т.е. без пробелов между знаками (например, "501").
Code name
Наименование значения кода
Code description
Описание значения кода


RECOMMENDATION No. 28
CODES FOR TYPES OF MEANS OF TRANSPORT
(FIRST EDITION)
(Geneva, 26 - 29.III.2001)
I. PREAMBLE
The United Nations through UN/CEFACT (United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business) supports activities dedicated to improving the ability of business, trade and administrative organizations, from developed, developing and transitional economies, to exchange products and relevant services effectively. Its principal focus is to facilitate international transactions, through the simplification and harmonisation of procedures and information flows. <*>
--------------------------------
<*> From the mission statement of UN/CEFACT.
Globalization of the marketplace is taking place rapidly, with companies sourcing components in one part of the world, assembling them in another part of the world and selling them in yet another. The trend towards transacting business through electronic means is leading to more physical goods flows with smaller and more frequent shipments of goods and commodities. This globalization of markets has resulted in the growing need for even more efficient and effective information flows. The solution to achieving effective information flows across international markets lies in the use of common procedures and processes based on the use of globally agreed standards. Inherent in this approach is the need for precise mechanisms to define the data and for common coding systems to represent specific data items.
The identification of the type of means of transport is frequently required in information exchange in trade and transport. This Recommendation as an international standard, provides a single coding system that will facilitate the common identification of the types of means of transport among all parties concerned with the exchange of this information.
The UN/CEFACT work-program emphasises the need for developing recommendations, which simplify and harmonise the current practices and procedures used in international transactions. Within this context, the role of the UN/CEFACT Codes Working Group (CDWG) is to secure the quality, relevance and availability of code sets and code structures to support the objectives of UN/CEFACT, including managing the maintenance of UN/ECE Recommendations related to codes.
This Recommendation was developed in response to requests for a specific coding system for types of means and from the outcome of the CDWG review of Recommendation 19 (Codes for modes of transport).
II. RECOMMENDATION
At its ... session in ..., UN/CEFACT agreed to adopt the following Recommendation. A list of the countries and organizations present at this session can be found in Annex 1.
The United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) recommends that Governments and business do mutually promote and support the implementation of one single system for the coding and classification of types of means of transport towards a common approach to trade facilitation on a world wide level.
This implies:
1. For participants in international trade and transport:
- to accept and implement the codes for the types of means of transport;
2. For Governments, international organizations and national trade facilitation bodies:
- to accept and encourage the implementation of the codes for the types of means of transport.
III. SCOPE
1. This Recommendation establishes a common code list for the identification of the type of means of transport. It has particular relevance to transport organizations and providers, Customs and other authorities, statistical offices, forwarders, shippers, consignees and other parties concerned with transport.
IV. FIELD OF APPLICATION
2. This Recommendation applies in cases where a coded representation is required to specify the type of means of transport. It is intended for use by commercial, administrative and regulatory parties concerned with the transport of goods and/or persons at national, regional and international levels. The codes defined herein may be used in manual and/or automated systems such as those that support EDI and electronic business, for the exchange of information regarding the type of means of transport.
V. EXPLANATORY TEXT
A. Definitions
3. The following definitions have been adopted for the purposes of this Recommendation:
code: A character string that represents a member of a set of values.
code list: The complete set of code values for a data item.
data: A re-interpretable representation of information in a formalised manner suitable for communication, interpretation or processing.
document: Recorded permanent data containing information.
EDI (Electronic Data Interchange): The electronic transfer from computer application to computer application of commercial or administrative transactions using an agreed standard to structure the transaction or message data.
electronic business: The process of transacting business electronically. This includes the sharing of unstructured or structured business information by any electronic means among suppliers, customers, governmental bodies, service providers and other parties in order to conduct and execute transactions in business, administrative and other activities.
facilitation: The implementation of measures leading to the simplification, standardisation and harmonization of the formalities, procedures, documents and operations inherent to international trade transactions.
formality: A set of requirements of an official, commercial or institutional nature.
goods: All materials received from a shipper.
harmonization: The alignment of national formalities, procedures, documents, information, and operations to acceptable international commercial norms, practices and recommendations.
means of transport: Particular aircraft, vehicle, vessel or other device used for the transport of goods or persons.
mode of transport: Method of transport used for the carriage of goods.
procedure: Steps to be followed in order to comply with a formality, including the timing, format and transmission method for the submission of required information.
standardization: The development of standards whose purpose is to align formalities, procedures, documents, information, and operations.
B. Background
B 1. Mode and means of transport
4. Information on the mode and means of transport as used for the movement of goods and / or persons is required for many purposes. Furthermore this information is communicated in many ways such as paper documents or EDI.
5. This information may be needed for contractual reasons, for example where a sales contract stipulates a particular mode and means of transport. In many countries information on the mode and means of transport is also required for Customs and statistical purposes.
6. The means of transport such as aircraft, road vehicles, railway engines, barges, and deep-sea vessels, are often identified by a registration number. Such registration numbers invariably do not contain any element that would indicate the type the means of transport to which the number relates. Therefore a separate method is required to identify the specific type of means of transport.
7. It is also recognized that types of means of transport in general are dependent on the mode of transport. Accordingly, the annexed code list is divided into a number of sections, one for each specified mode of transport.
B 2. Facilitating information exchange
8. The application of information technology such as EDI and electronic business depends on accurate and well defined information.
9. In information exchange, the use of an unambiguous code to indicate a type of means of transport is preferable to variable and possibly imprecise textual descriptions. Such descriptions in turn may lead to contractual misunderstandings.
10. Many processes such as the compilation of statistics and the analysis of transport operations require a method to uniquely identify types of means of transport.
11. Requests for special transport services may require the identification of the type of means of transport.
C. Specific Considerations
12. This Recommendation should be used in conjunction with Recommendation 19 (Codes for mode transport). Whenever the code for the type of means of transport is specified, consideration needs to given to specifying the code for the associated mode of transport. This will ensure the correct interpretation of the type of means of transport.
13. In UN/EDIFACT this requires the specification of type of means of transport together with the mode of transport in the TDT (Details of transport) segment using C228 (Transport means) and C220 (Mode of transport) respectively.
14. Users of this Recommendation are encouraged to use it in conjunction with other applicable UN Recommendations. These include:
Recommendation 5 - Abbreviations of INCOTERMS,
- UN Recommendation 10 - Unique Identification Code Methodology - UNIC,
- UN Recommendation 11 - Documentary aspects of the international transport of dangerous goods.
- UN Recommendation 16 - UN/LOCODE - Code for Ports and Other Locations,
- UN Recommendation 18 - Facilitation Measures related to International Trade Procedures,
- UN Recommendation 19 - Codes for Modes of Transport,
- UN Recommendation 21 - Codes for Types of Cargo, Packages and Packaging Materials,
- UN Recommendation 22 - Layout Key for Standard Consignment Instructions,
- UN Recommendation 23 - Freight Cost Code - FCC,
- UN Recommendation 24 - Trade and Transport Status Codes.
15. A number of the codes defined in Annex 2 correspond to existing industry codes in order to facilitate the migration to the annexed code list. For the respective entries use has been made of as many sources as possible such as Lloyds Register of Shipping, the UN International Maritime Organisation, International Chamber of Shipping, International Air Transport Association, Governmental agencies, Railways, etc.
16. For air transport, the aircraft type codes as published in the IATA Standard Schedules Information Manual (SSIM) that, through reference in the annexed code list, constitute provisions of this Recommendation. All standards are subject to revision, and parties to agreements based on the air transport provisions of this Recommendation are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent edition of the IATA SSIM.
VI. MAINTENANCE AND UPDATING
17. This Recommendation shall be maintained on behalf of UN/CEFACT by the UN/CEFACT Codes Working Group (CDWG).
18. Proposals for updating this Recommendation should be addressed to the Trade Facilitation Section, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Palais des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland or by e-mail to: cefact@unece.org
19. Draft revisions to the body text and/or code list of this Recommendation shall be issued by the CDWG when required and shall be made available on the CDWG Web page under:
http://www.unece.org/cefact
20. Draft revisions shall be subject to a public comment period of at least two months. UN/CEFACT Heads of Delegation shall be notified of the availability of a draft revision and the period for comment. Following the conclusion of the comment period, the CDWG shall address all comments received. Depending on the comments received, the CDWG shall issue a new draft revision or shall prepare a final revision for approval.
21. Final revisions of the body text of this Recommendation shall be approved by the UN/CEFACT Plenary.
22. Final revisions of the code list of this Recommendation shall be approved by the CDWG Plenary or in the case where the body text has also been revised, by the UN/CEFACT Plenary.
VII. CODE LIST STRUCTURE AND PRESENTATION
23. The code list is annexed to this Recommendation, as follows:
Annex 2 Code list for types of means of transport.
24. The code list is presented with the following columns:
Change indicator (CI)
a plus sign (+) for an addition
a hash sign (#) for changes to the code name
a vertical bar (|) for changes to the code description
a letter X (X) for marked for deletion in this edition
(will not appear in the next edition)
Mode (M)
Mode of transport code as defined in Recommendation 19
Code value
3 character alphanumeric code value comprising characters 0 to 9 and upper case A to Z.
In certain instances the code value itself may be structured, where the lead character(s) represent the general description and where the subordinate or sub-type specific descriptions are represented by code entries with a further trailing character. For example, in maritime transport the code value "50" represents "General cargo vessel", whilst "501" is a subordinate code entry that represents "Grain vessel".
For ease of reference, certain code values are shown in two parts (e.g. "50 1". In use, the code value should be a single value with no imbedded space characters (e.g. "501").
Code name
Code value name
Code description
Code value description


Annex 1
COUNTRIES AND ORGANISATIONS IN ATTENDANCE
Countries and organisations in attendance at the UN/CEFACT session where this recommendation was approved and those having indicated their suport in writing to the UN/CEFACT secretariat.


Annex 2
CODE LIST FOR TYPES OF MEANS OF TRANSPORT
2.1 Maritime transport (Mode of Transport 1)
CI M Code Name
Description
1 50 General cargo vessel
Vessel designed to carry general cargo.
1 50 1 Grain vessel
Vessel designed to carry grain.
1 50 2 Timber/log carrier
Vessel designed to carry logs and timber.
1 50 3 Weed chips vessel
Vessel designed to carry wood chips.
1 50 4 Steel products vessel
Vessel designed to carry steel products.
1 50 5 Carrier, general cargo/container
Vessel designed to carry general cargo and
containers.
1 50 6 Temperature controlled cargo vessels
Vessel designed to carry temperature-controlled
cargo.
1 51 Unit carrier
Vessel designed to carry unit loads
1 51 1 Full container ship/cellular vessel
Vessel designed to carry containers only.
1 51 2 RoRo vessel
Vessel with ramp designed to carry roll-on/
roll-off cargo.
1 51 3 Car carrier
Vessel designed to carry automotive vehicles or
their knock-down parts.
1 51 4 Livestock carrier
Vessel designed to carry livestock.
1 51 5 Barge carrier - Lash ship
Vessel designed to carry barges. Lash means
lighters aboard ship.
1 51 6 Chemical carrier
Vessel designed to carry chemicals in bulk or
drums not in tanks.
1 51 7 Irradiated fuel carrier
Vessel designed to carry irradiated fuel.
1 51 8 Heavy cargo vessel
Ship designed to carry heavy cargo.
1 51 9 RoRo/Container vessel
Vessel designed to carry both containers and
roll-on/roll-off cargo.
1 52 Bulk carrier
Vessel designed to carry bulk cargo.
1 52 1 Dry bulk carrier
Vessel designed to carry dry bulk (expellers).
1 52 2 Ore carrier
Vessel designed to carry ore.
1 52 3 Cement carrier
Vessel designed to carry cement.
1 52 4 Gravel carrier
Vessel designed to carry gravel.
1 52 5 Coal carrier
Vessel designed to carry coal.
1 53 Tanker
Vessel solely equipped with tanks to carry cargo.
1 53 1 Crude oil tanker
Tanker designed to carry crude oil.
1 53 2 Chemical tanker, coaster
Tanker designed to carry chemicals in coastal
traffic.
1 53 3 Chemical tanker, deep sea
Tanker designed to carry chemicals in deep sea.
1 53 4 Oil and other derivatives tanker
Tanker designed to carry oil and other
derivatives.
1 54 Liquefied gas tanker
Tanker designed to carry liquefied gas.
1 54 1 LPG tanker
Vessel designed to carry Liquefied Petroleum Gas
(LPG).
1 54 2 LNG tanker
Tanker designed to carry Liquefied Natural Gas
(LNG).
1 54 3 LNG/LPG tanker
Tanker designed to carry Liquefied Natural Gas
(LNG) and Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG).
1 55 Other special tanker
Tanker designed to carry other special liquids.
1 55 1 Asphalt/bitumen tanker
Tanker designed asphalt and bitumen.
1 55 2 Molasses tanker
Tanker designed to carry molasses.
1 55 3 Vegetable oil tanker
Tanker designed to carry vegetable oil.
1 59 Passenger ship
Vessel designed to carry more than 12 passengers.
1 59 1 Cruise ship
Passenger ship designed to carry tourists on
specified routes.
1 59 2 Ferry
Vessel designed to ply regularly between two or
more ports.
1 59 3 Other passenger ship
Vessel designed to carry passengers, not otherwise
specified.
1 59 4 Passenger ship, sailing
Vessel designed to carry passengers and mainly
propelled by sails.
1 60 Assistance vessel
Vessel designed to give assistance.
1 60 1 Tug, without tow
Vessel designed to tow objects but sailing alone.
1 60 2 Tug, with tow
Vessel designed to tow, and towing an object.
1 60 3 Salvage vessel
Vessel designed to salvage.
1 60 4 Rescue vessel
Vessel designed to effect rescue operations.
1 60 5 Oil combat vessel
Vessel designed to combat oil spills.
1 60 6 Oil rig
Object designed for drilling oil at sea.
1 60 7 Hospital vessel
Vessel designed to serve as a hospital at sea.
1 70 Other sea-going vessel
Sea-going vessel, not otherwise specified.
1 71 1 Pilot boat
Vessel designed to convey pilots to/from ships.
1 71 2 Patrol/measure ship
Vessel designed to guard, patrol or measure.
1 72 Work ship
Vessel designed to assist in work.
1 72 1 Supply vessel
Vessel designed to provide supplies.
1 72 3 Offshore support vessel
Vessel designed to provide offshore support.
1 72 4 Pontoon
Flat-bottomed vessel with a flat deck.
1 72 5 Stone dumping vessel
Vessel designed to dump stones.
1 72 6 Cable layer
Vessel designed to lay cable.
1 72 7 Buoyage vessel
Vessel designed to handle buoys.
1 72 8 Icebreaker
Vessel designed to break ice.
1 72 9 Pipelaying vessel
Vessel designed to lay pipe.
1 73 Push boat
Vessel designed to push other vessels.
1 74 Dredger
Vessel designed to scoop or suck mud or sand.
1 75 Fishing boat
Vessel designed for fishing.
1 75 1 Trawler
Vessel designed to drag a bag-like net.
1 75 2 Cutter
Small vessel that sometimes can be carried on a
larger ship.
1 75 3 Factory ship
Vessel designed as a fish factory.
1 76 Research and education ship
Vessel designed for research and education.
1 76 1 Fishery research vessel
Vessel designed for fishery research.
1 76 2 Climate registration vessel
Vessel designed for climate registration.
1 76 3 Ship for environmental measurement
Vessel designed for environmental monitoring and
measurement.
1 76 4 Scientific vessel
Vessel designed for scientific purposes.
1 76 5 Sailing school ship
Vessel designed for training, powered by sail.
1 77 Navy vessel
Vessel operated by a Navy.
1 78 Structure, floating
Any floating structure.
1 78 1 Crane, floating
A crane mounted on a barge or pontoon.
1 78 2 Dock, floating
A submersible floating structure used as a dock.
1 80 Pleasure boat
Vessel designed for recreation.
1 81 Speedboat
Vessel designed for speed, often used for
recreation.
1 82 Sailing boat with auxiliary motor
Vessel designed primarily for sailing outfitted
with an auxiliary motor.
1 83 Sailing yacht
A specific type of vessel mostly used for pleasure
and designed for sailing.
1 84 Boat for sport fishing
Vessel designed for sport fishing.
1 85 Craft, pleasure, longer than 20 metres
Vessel longer than 20 metres, designed for
recreation.
1 89 Craft, other, recreational
Vessel designed for recreation, not otherwise
specified.
1 90 Fast ship
Fast, all-purpose vessel.
1 91 Hydrofoil
Vessel with wing-like structure for skimming at
high speed.
1 92 Catamaran, fast
Fast vessel designed with two parallel hulls.
2.2 Rail transport (Mode of Transport 2)
CI M Code Name
Description
2 10 Train, railroad
One or more rail wagons pulled or pushed by one or
more locomotive units, or self-propelled, that
move over rail tracks.
2 20 Train, passenger
Train designed to carry passengers.
2 20 1 Train, super express
Train designed for high speed.
2 20 2 Train, sleeper
Passenger train that includes carriages for
sleeping.
2 20 3 Train, passenger, hired group
A chartered train.
2 30 Train, freight
Train for carrying freight.
2 30 1 Blocktrain
Train for carrying freight to the same
destination.
2 30 2 Train, container
Train for carrying containers.
2.3 Road transport (Mode of Transport 3)
CI M Code Name
Description
3 1 Truck
Automotive vehicle designed for hauling loads.
3 2 Truck, tank
Automotive vehicle with a tank.
3 3 Tractor
Automotive Vehicle with an engine designed for
pulling.
3 4 Van
Closed automotive vehicle designed for carrying
freight.
3 4 1 Van, delivery
Automotive vehicle designed for making fast
deliveries.
3 4 2 Van, light
Automotive vehicle designed for light carriage.
3 4 3 Van, furniture
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying
furniture.
3 5 Tiptanker
Automotive vehicle designed with a tank lifting
capability.
3 6 Truck, dry bulk
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying dry bulk
cargo.
3 7 Truck, container
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying
containers.
3 8 Carrier, car
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying
motorcars.
3 9 Truck, reefer
Automotive vehicle designed for the carriage of
frozen cargo.
3 10 Truck, mail
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying mail.
3 11 Truck dump
Automotive vehicle designed with a cargo-dumping
capability.
3 12 Truck, forklift
Automotive vehicle designed for lifting cargo and
heavy objects.
3 13 Loader, shovel
Automotive vehicle designed for shoveling sand and
other bulk material.
3 14 Truck, platform, fixed
Automotive vehicle designed with a fixed platform.
3 15 Carrier, straddle
Automotive vehicle designed for lifting and
transporting containers.
3 20 Crane, mobile
Automotive vehicle with cargo crane.
3 20 1 Car, elevator
Automotive vehicle with raisable work platform.
3 30 Bus
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying more than
8 passengers including the driver.
3 30 1 Trailer, bus
Trailer for carrying passengers and/or luggage.
3 30 2 Bus, highway
Automotive vehicle designed for highway travel.
3 30 3 Bus, sightseeing
Automotive vehicle designed for sightseeing.
3 30 4 Bus, airport/city
Automotive vehicle designed to carry passengers
and their baggage between an airport and a city
and return.
3 60 Tractor, industrial
Automotive vehicle designed for towing one or more
trailers.
3 62 Truck, freezer with isothermic trailer,
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying frozen
goods with a trailer designed for carrying
temperature-controlled goods.
3 63 Truck, isothermic and trailer
Automotive vehicle with trailer designed to carry
temperature-controlled goods.
3 64 Truck, refrigerated with isothermic trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying
refrigerated goods with a trailer designed for
carrying temperature-controlled goods.
3 65 Truck, freezer with refrigerated trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying frozen
goods with a trailer designed for carrying
refrigerated goods.
3 66 Truck, isothermic with refrigerated trailer
Automotive vehicle designed to carry
temperature-controlled goods with a trailer
designed to carry refrigerated goods.
3 67 Truck, opening floor, with extendable trailer
Automotive vehicle with an opening floor with an
extendable trailer.
3 68 Truck, rigid, with tank and tank trailer
Rigid automotive vehicle designed with a tank with
a tank trailer.
3 69 Truck, bulk with tank trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for bulk carrying with
a tank trailer.
3 70 Truck, rigid with tank and bulk trailer
Rigid automotive vehicle designed with a tank with
a trailer capable of carrying bulk cargo and
liquid.
3 71 Truck, bulk with bulk trailer
Automotive vehicle and trailer both designed for
carrying bulk cargo.
3 72 Truck, tautliner with extendable trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle with extendable
trailer.
3 73 Truck, tautliner with removable roof and extendable
trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle with removable roof
and extendable trailer.
3 74 Truck, bulk truck with extendable trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying bulk
cargo with an extendable trailer.
3 75 Truck, refrigerated with freezer trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying
refrigerated goods with a trailer designed to
carry frozen goods.
3 76 Truck, iscthermic with freezer trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying
temperature-controlled goods with a trailer
designed for carrying frozen goods.
3 77 Truck, furniture with trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying furniture
with a trailer.
3 78 Truck, tautliner with furniture trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle with trailer designed
for carrying furniture.
3 79 Truck, tautliner, removable roof with furniture
trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle designed with a
removable roof with a trailer designed for
carrying furniture.
3 80 Truck, tip-up with gondola trailer
Automotive vehicle designed with a tip-up
capability with a gondola trailer.
3 81 Truck, tautliner with gondola trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle with a gondola
trailer.
3 82 Truck, tautliner, with removable roof and gondola
trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle with removable roof
and a gondola trailer.
3 83 Truck, opening floor with gondola trailer
Automotive vehicle with an opening floor and with
a gondola trailer.
3 84 Truck, bulk with gondola trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying bulk
cargo with a gondola trailer.
3 85 Truck, tip-up with extendable gondola trailer
Automotive vehicle designed with a tip-up
capability with an extendable gondola trailer.
3 86 Truck, tautliner with extendable gondola trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle with an extendable
gondola trailer.
3 87 Truck, tautliner, removable roof with extendable
gondola trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle designed with a
removable rook and with an extendable gondola
trailer.
3 88 Truck, opening floor with extendable gondola trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle designed with an
opening floor and with an extendable gondola
trailer.
3 89 Truck, bulk with extendable gondola trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying bulk
cargo with an extendable gondola trailer.
3 90 Truck, tip-up truck with opening floor trailer
Automotive vehicle designed with a tip-up
capability with an opening-floor trailer.
3 91 Truck, tautliner with opening floor trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle with opening-floor
trailer.
3 92 Truck, tautliner, removable roof, with opening floor
trailer
Automotive tautliner vehicle with a removable
roof, with an opening-floor trailer.
3 93 Truck, opening-floor with opening-floor trailer
Automotive vehicle and trailer both with opening
floors.
3 94 Truck, bulk truck with opening-floor trailer
Automotive vehicle designed for carrying bulk
cargo with an opening-floor trailer.
3 95 Truck, with trailer
Automotive vehicle designed to pull a trailer,
with a trailer attached.
3 96 Truck, tilt, with tilt trailer
Automotive vehicle with a tilt capability with a
trailer also with a tilt capability.
3 97 Truck, refrigerated, with refrigerated trailer
Automotive vehicle designed to carry refrigerated
goods with a trailer also capable or carrying
refrigerated goods.
3 98 Truck, freezer with freezer trailer
Automotive vehicle capable of carrying frozen
goods with a trailer also capable of carrying
frozen goods.
3 99 Truck, removal with removal trailer
Automotive vehicle designed to carry household
effects with a trailer also capable of carrying
household effects.
3 100 Truck, tautliner with removal trailer
Automotive tautline truck with trailer capable of
carrying household effects.
3 101 Truck, tautliner with removable roof and removal
trailer
Automotive tautline vehicle with removable roof
and a trailer capable of carrying household
effects.
3 102 Car, with caravan
Automobile towing a house trailer.
3 103 Truck, tautliner, 25 tonne
Automotive tautline vehicle with a 25 tonne
capacity.
3 104 Truck, tautliner, 25 tonne with removable roof
Automotive tautline vehicle with a 25 tonne
capacity and a removable roof.
3 105 Lorry, articulated, flat bed, 25 tonne
Articulated automotive vehicle with a flat bed and
25 tonne capacity.
3 106 Lorry, articulated, flat bed, 24 tonne, with 10 metre
crane
Articulated automotive vehicle with a flat bed and
25 tonne capacity with a 10 metre crane attached.
3 107 Lorry, articulated, flat bed, 24 tonne, with 15 metre
crane
Articulated automotive vehicle with a flat bed and
25 tonne capacity with a 15 metre crane attached.
3 108 Lorry, articulated, flat bed, 24 tonne, with 18 metre
crane
Articulated automotive vehicle with a flat bed and
25 tonne capacity with an 18 metre crane attached.
3 109 Lorry, articulated, flat bed, 10 tonne
Articulated automotive vehicle with a flat bed and
10 tonne capacity.
3 110 Truck, tautliner, 25 tonne, with 90 cubic metre
trailer
Automotive tautline vehicle with a 25 tonne
capacity and a 90 cubic metre trailer.
3 111 Truck, tautliner, 25 tonne, with 120 cubic metre
trailer
Automotive tautline vehicle with a 25 tonne
capacity and a 120 cubic metre trailer.
3 112 Lorry, flat with trailer and 10 metre crane
Automotive vehicle with flat bed and trailer and
10 metre crane.
3 113 Lorry, articulated with tank
Articulated automotive vehicle with tank designed
for carrying liquid or bulk goods.
3 114 Lorry, flat, 15 tonne
Automotive vehicle with flat bed and a 15 tonne
capacity.
3 115 Lorry, flat, 15 tonne with crane
Automotive vehicle with flat bed and a 15 tonne
capacity and attached crane.
3 116 Truck, isothermic
Automotive vehicle designed to carry
temperature-controlled goods.
3 117 Truck, refrigerated
Automotive vehicle designed to carry refrigerated
goods.
3 118 Van, freezer
Automotive vehicle designed to carry frozen goods.
3 119 Van, isothermic
Automotive vehicle designed to carry
temperature-controlled goods.
3 120 Van, refrigerated
Automotive vehicle designed to carry refrigerated
goods.
3 121 Truck, bulk
Automotive vehicle designed to carry bulk goods.
3 122 Truck, tip-up
Automotive vehicle designed with s tip-up
capability.
3 123 Truck, articulated, tip-up
Articulated automotive vehicle designed with a
tip-up capability.
3 124 Truck, rigid, with tank
Rigid automotive vehicle designed with a tank.
3 125 Truck, tautline
Automotive vehicle with non-rigid sides.
3 126 Truck, tautline, with removable roof
Automotive tautline vehicle with a removable roof.
3 127 Truck, with opening floor
Automotive vehicle with a floor that can be
opened.
3 128 Truck, freezer
Automotive vehicle designed to carry frozen goods.
3 129 Truck, with crane for moving goods, without trailer
A truck with a crane for moving goods, without a
trailer.
3 130 Truck, with crane for moving goods, with trailer
A truck with a crane for moving goods, with a
trailer.
3 131 Truck, with crane for lifting goods, without trailer
A truck with a crane for lifting goods, without a
trailer.
3 132 Truck, with crane for lifting goods, with trailer
A truck with a crane for lifting goods, with a
trailer.
2.4 Air transport (Mode of Transport 4)
For air transport, the codes for types of means of transport are specified in the IATA (International Air Transport Association) publication Standard Schedules Inforon Manual (SSIM) under the section "ATA/IATA Aircraft Types". The referenced codes cover all aircraft that are flown, or are soon to be flown, for commercial scheduled or chartered services only, or have been announced by the manufacturer and for which airline orders have been placed.
Further information is available from:
IATA
800 Place Victoria
P.O. Box 113
Montreal, Quebec
H4Z1M1
Phone: +1 (514) 874-0202
Fax: +1 (514) 874-9632
http://www.iata.org
2.5 Inland water transport (Mode of Transport 8)
CI M Code Name
Description
8 0 Vessel, type unknown
Vessel of unknown type.
8 1 Motor freighter
Motorized vessel designed for carrying general
cargo.
8 2 Motor tanker
Motorized vessel designed for carrying liquid
cargo.
8 3 Container vessel
Vessel designed for carrying containers.
8 4 Gas tanker
Vessel with tanks designed for carrying gas.
8 5 Motor freighter, tug
Motorized vessel designed for carrying cargo and
capable of towing.
8 6 Motor tanker, tug
Motorized vessel designed for carrying liquid
cargo and capable to tow.
8 7 Motor freighter with one or more ships alongside
Motorized vessel designed for carrying general
cargo that has one or more vessels alongside.
8 8 Motor freighter with tanker
Motorized vessel designed for carrying general
cargo alongside a vessel designed for carrying
liquid cargo.
8 9 Motor freighter pushing one or more freighters
Motorized vessel designed for carrying general
cargo, pushing one or more vessels also designed
for carrying general cargo.
8 10 Motor freighter pushing at least one tank-ship
Motorized vessel designed for carrying general
cargo, pushing at least one vessel designed to
carry a liquid cargo.
8 11 Tug, freighter
Vessel designed to push or pull another vessel
that is also capable of carrying general cargo.
8 12 Tug, tanker
Vessel designed to push or pull another vessel
also capable of carrying liquid cargo.
8 13 Tug, freighter, coupled
Vessel designed to push or pull another vessel
that is also capable of carrying general cargo
tied to one or more other vessels.
8 14 Tug, freighter/tanker, coupled
Vessel designed to push or pull another vessel
that is also capable of carrying either general or
liquid cargo tied to one or more other vessels.
8 15 Freightbarge
Lighter designed for carrying general cargo.
8 16 Tankbarge
Lighter designed for carrying liquid cargo.
8 17 Freightbarge with containers
Lighter designed for carrying containers.
8 18 Tankbarge, gas
Lighter designed for carrying gas.
8 21 Pushtow, one cargo barge
Vessel designed for pushing/towing, facilitating
the movement of one cargo barge.
8 22 Pushtow, two cargo barges
Combination designed for pushing/towing,
facilitating the movement of two cargo barges
8 23 Pushtow, three cargo barges
Combination designed for pushing/towing,
facilitating the movement of three cargo barges
8 24 Pushtow, four cargo barges
Combination designed for pushing/towing,
facilitating the movement four cargo barges
8 25 Pushtow, five cargo barges
Combination designed for pushing/towing,
facilitating the movement of five cargo barges.
8 26 Pushtow, six cargo barges
Combination designed for pushing/towing,
facilitating the movement of six cargo barges.
8 27 Pushtow, seven cargo barges
Combination designed for pushing/towing,
facilitating the movement of seven cargo barges.
8 28 Pushtow, eight cargo barges
Combination designed for pushing/towing,
facilitating the movement of eight cargo barges.
8 29 Pushtow, nine cargo barges
Combination designed for pushing/towing,
facilitating the movement of nine or more cargo
barges.
8 31 Pushtow, one gas/tank barge
Combination designed for pushing/towing, moving
one tanker or gas barge.
8 32 Pushtow, two barges at least one tanker or gas barge
Combination designed for pushing/towing, moving
two barges of which at least one tanker or gas
barge.
8 33 Pushtow, three barges at least one tanker or gasbarge
Combination designed for pushing/towing, moving
three barges of which at least one is a tanker or
gas barge.
8 34 Pushtow, four barges at least one tanker or gasbarge
Combination designed for pushing/towing, moving
four barges of which at least one tanker or
gasbarge.
8 35 Pushtow, five barges at least one tanker or gasbarge
Combination designed for pushing/towing, moving
five barges of which at least one tanker or
gasbarge.
8 36 Pushtow, six barges at least one tanker or gasbarge
Combination designed for pushing/towing, moving
six barges of which at least one tanker or
gasbarge.
8 37 Pushtow, seven barges at least one tanker or gasbarge
Combination designed for pushing/towing, moving
seven barges of which at least one tanker or
gasbarge.
8 38 Pushtow, eight barges at least one tanker or gasbarge
Combination designed for pushing/towing, moving
eight barges

РЕКОМЕНДАЦИЯ n 20 Европейской экономической комиссии ООН"КОДЫ ДЛЯ ЕДИНИЦ ИЗМЕРЕНИЯ, ИСПОЛЬЗУЕМЫХ В МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ТОРГОВЛЕ" (ece/trade/273) [рус., англ.](Принята в г. Женеве 26.03.2001 - 29.03.2001 на 7-ой сессии Центром по упрощению процедур торговли и электронным деловым операциям)  »
Международное законодательство »
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