<ЗАКЛЮЧИТЕЛЬНЫЙ АКТ ВСЕМИРНОЙ АДМИНИСТРАТИВНОЙ КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ ПО ТЕЛЕГРАФИИ И ТЕЛЕФОНИИ> [англ.](Вместе с <РЕГЛАМЕНТОМ МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ ЭЛЕКТРОСВЯЗИ>, <ОБЩИМИ УСЛОВИЯМИ ОТНОСИТЕЛЬНО БУХГАЛТЕРСКОГО УЧЕТА>, <ДОПОЛНИТЕЛЬНЫМИ УСЛОВИЯМИ, КАСАЮЩИХСЯ МОРСКИХ ТЕЛЕКОММУНИКАЦИЙ>, <ОБСЛУЖИВАНИЕМ И ПРИВИЛЕГИЯМИ ТЕЛЕКОММУНИКАЦИЙ>, <ЗАКЛЮЧИТЕЛЬНЫМ ПРОТОКОЛОМ>)(Подписан в г. Мельбурне 09.12.1988)


INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION
FINAL ACTS
OF THE WORLD ADMINISTRATIVE TELEGRAPH AND
TELEPHONE CONFERENCE MELBOURNE, 1988 (WATTC-88)
(Melbourne, 9 December 1988)
Note by the ITU General Secretariat
The Plenipotentiary Conference of the International Telecommunication Union (Nairobi, 1982), in its Resolution No. 10, resolved that a World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference (WATTC-88) should be convened in 1988 to consider proposals for a new regulatory framework to cater for the new situation in the field of new telecommunication services. By the same Resolution, it also instructed the International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT) to prepare proposals for this purpose, and to submit them to the CCITT Plenary Assembly in 1988 for subsequent consideration by the WATTC-88.
The CCITT, in Resolution No. 15 of its VIIIth Plenary Assembly (Malaga-Torremolinos, 1984) resolved to set up a Preparatory Committee (PC) for WATTC-88, and that this PC should be responsible for preparing the draft text of the new Regulations to be submitted to the IXth CCITT Plenary Assembly in 1988.
The PC held four meetings and included in its final report, submitted to the IXth CCITT Plenary Assembly (Melbourne, 1988), the draft International Telecommunication Regulations. The IXth CCITT Plenary Assembly transmitted this final report to the WATTC-88.
The Administrative Council of the Union, at its 42nd session in 1987, adopted Resolution No. 966, in which it resolved that the WATTC-88 should be held at Melbourne from 28 November to 9 December 1988, inclusive, and established the agenda of the Conference.
In accordance with that Resolution of the Administrative Council, the World Administrative Telegraph and Telephone Conference convened at Melbourne during the period referred to above.



INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION REGULATIONS
(Melbourne, 9 December 1988)
Preamble
1 While the sovereign right of each country to regulate its telecommunications is fully recognized, the provisions of the present Regulations supplement the International Telecommunication Convention, with a view to attaining the purposes of the International Telecommunication Union in promoting the development of telecommunication services and their most efficient operation while harmonizing the development of facilities for worldwide telecommunications.
Article 1
Purpose and Scope of the Regulations
2 1.1 a) These Regulations establish general principles which relate to the provision and operation of international telecommunication services offered to the public as well as to the underlying international telecommunication transport means used to provide such services. They also set rules applicable to administrations <*>.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
3 b) These Regulations recognize in Article 9 the right of Members to allow special arrangements.
4 1.2 In these Regulations, "the public" is used in the sense of the population, including governmental and legal bodies.
5 1.3 These Regulations are established with a view to facilitating global interconnection and interoperability of telecommunication facilities and to promoting the harmonious development and efficient operation of technical facilities, as well as the efficiency, usefulness and availability to the public of international telecommunication services.
6 1.4 References to CCITT Recommendations and Instructions in these Regulations are not to be taken as giving to those Recommendations and Instructions the same legal status as the Regulations.
7 1.5 Within the framework of the present Regulations, the provision and operation of international telecommunication services in each relation is pursuant to mutual agreement between administrations <*>.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
8 1.6 In implementing the principles of these Regulations, administrations <*> should comply with, to the greatest extent practicable, the relevant CCITT Recommendations, including any Instructions forming part of or derived from these Recommendations.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
9 1.7 a) These Regulations recognize the right of any Member, subject to national law and should it decide to do so, to require that administrations and private operating agencies, which operate in its territory and provide an international telecommunication service to the public, be authorized by that Member.
10 b) The Member concerned shall, as appropriate, encourage the application of relevant CCITT Recommendations by such service providers.
11 c) The Members, where appropriate, shall cooperate in implementing the International Telecommunication Regulations (for interpretation, also see Resolution No. 2).
12 1.8 The Regulations shall apply, regardless of the means of transmission used, so far as the Radio Regulations do not provide otherwise.
Article 2
Definitions
13 For the purpose of these Regulations, the following definitions shall apply. These terms and definitions do not, however, necessarily apply for other purposes.
14 2.1 Telecommunication: Any transmission, emission or reception of signs, signals, writing, images and sounds or intelligence of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
15 2.2 International telecommunication service: The offering of a telecommunication capability between telecommunication offices or stations of any nature that are in or belong to different countries.
16 2.3 Government telecommunication: A telecommunication originating with any: Head of a State; Head of a government or members of a government; Commanders-in-Chief of military forces, land, sea or air; diplomatic or consular agents; the Secretary-General of the United Nations; Heads of the principal organs of the United Nations; the International Court of Justice,
or reply to a government telegram.
17 2.4 Service telecommunication
A telecommunication that relates to public international telecommunications and that is exchanged among the following:
- administrations;
- recognized private operating agencies,
- and the Chairman of the Administrative Council, the Secretary-General, the Deputy Secretary-General, the Directors of the International Consultative Committees, the members of the International Frequency Registration Board, other representatives or authorized officials of the Union, including those working on official matters outside the seat of the Union.
18 2.5 Privilege telecommunication
19 2.5.1 A telecommunication that may be exchanged during:
- sessions of the ITU Administrative Council,
- conferences and meetings of the ITU
between, on the one hand, representatives of Members of the Administrative Council, members of delegations, senior officials of the permanent organs of the Union and their authorized colleagues attending conferences and meetings of the ITU and, on the other, their administrations or recognized private operating agency or the ITU,
and relating either to matters under discussion by the Administrative Council, conferences and meetings of the ITU or to public international telecommunications.
20 2.5.2 A private telecommunication that may be exchanged during sessions of the ITU Administrative Council and conferences and meetings of the ITU by representatives of Members of the Administrative Council, members of delegations, senior officials of the permanent organs of the Union attending ITU conferences and meetings, and the staff of the Secretariat of the Union seconded to ITU conferences and meetings, to enable them to communicate with their country of residence.
21 2.6 International route: Technical facilities and installations located in different countries and used for telecommunication traffic between two international telecommunication terminal exchanges or offices.
22 2.7 Relation: Exchange of traffic between two terminal countries, always referring to a specific service if there is between their administrations <*>:
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
23 a) a means for the exchange of traffic in that specific service:
- over direct circuits (direct relation), or
- via a point of transit in a third country (indirect relation), and
24 b) normally, the settlement of accounts.
25 2.8 Accounting rate: The rate agreed between administrations <*> in a given relation that is used for the establishment of international accounts.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
26 2.9 Collection charge: The charge established and collected by an administration <*> from its customers for the use of an international telecommunication service.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
27 2.10 Instructions: A collection of provisions drawn from one or more CCITT Recommendations dealing with practical operational procedures for the handling of telecommunication traffic (e.g., acceptance, transmission, accounting).
Article 3
International Network
28 3.1 Members shall ensure that administrations <*> cooperate in the establishment, operation and maintenance of the international network to provide a satisfactory quality of service.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
29 3.2 Administrations <*> shall endeavour to provide sufficient telecommunication facilities to meet the requirements of and demand for international telecommunication services.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
30 3.3 Administrations <*> shall determine by mutual agreement which international routes are to be used. Pending agreement and provided that there is no direct route existing between the terminal administrations <*> concerned, the origin administration <*> has the choice to determine the routing of its outgoing telecommunication traffic, taking into account the interests of the relevant transit and destination administrations <*>.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
31 3.4 Subject to national law, any user, by having access to the international network established by an administration <*>, has the right to send traffic. A satisfactory quality of service should be maintained to the greatest extent practicable, corresponding to relevant CCITT Recommendations.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
Article 4
International Telecommunication Services
32 4.1 Members shall promote the implementation of international telecommunication services and shall endeavour to make such services generally available to the public in their national network(s).
33 4.2 Members shall ensure that administrations <*> cooperate within the framework of these Regulations to provide by mutual agreement, a wide range of international telecommunication services which should conform, to the greatest extent practicable, to the relevant CCITT Recommendations.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
34 4.3 Subject to national law, Members shall endeavour to ensure that administrations <*> provide and maintain, to the greatest extent practicable, a minimum quality of service corresponding to the relevant CCITT Recommendations with respect to:
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
35 a) access to the international network by users using terminals which are permitted to be connected to the network and which do not cause harm to technical facilities and personnel;
36 b) international telecommunication facilities and services available to customers for their dedicated use;
37 c) at least a form of telecommunication which is reasonably accessible to the public, including those who may not be subscribers to a specific telecommunication service; and
38 d) a capability for interworking between different services, as appropriate, to facilitate international communications.
Article 5
Safety of Life and Priority of Telecommunications
39 5.1 Safety of life telecommunications, such as distress telecommunications, shall be entitled to transmission as of right and shall, where technically practicable, have absolute priority over all other telecommunications, in accordance with the relevant Articles of the Convention and taking due account of relevant CCITT Recommendations.
40 5.2 Government telecommunications, including telecommunications relative to the application of certain provisions of the United Nations Charter, shall, where technically practicable, enjoy priority over telecommunications other than those referred to in No. 39, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Convention and taking due account of relevant CCITT Recommendations.
41 5.3 The provisions governing the priority enjoyed by all other telecommunications are contained in the relevant CCITT Recommendations.
Article 6
Charging and Accounting
42 6.1 Collection charges
43 6.1.1 Each administration <*> shall, subject to applicable national law, establish the charges to be collected from its customers. The level of the charges is a national matter; however, in establishing these charges, administrations <*> should try to avoid too great a dissymmetry between the charges applicable in each direction of the same relation.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
44 6.1.2 The charge levied by an administration <*> on customers for a particular communication should in principle be the same in a given relation, regardless of the route chosen by that administration <*>.
--------------------------------
<*> or recognized private operating agency(ies)
45 6.1.3 Where, in accordance with the national law of a country, a fiscal tax is levied on collection charges for international telecommunication services, this tax shall normally be collected only in respect of international services billed to customers in that country, unless other arrangements are made to meet special circumstances.
46 6.2 Accounting rates
47 6.2.1 For each applicable service in a given relation, administrations

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