РЕКОМЕНДАЦИЯ n 24 Европейской экономической комиссии ООН<ТОРГОВЛЯ И КОДЫ СТАТУСА ПЕРЕВОЗКИ> (второе издание) (ece/trade/258) [англ.](Принята в г. Женеве в мае 2000 года Центром ООН по упрощению процедур торговли и электронных деловых операций)

(Geneva, V.2000)
The United Nations through UN/CEFACT (United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business) supports activities dedicated to improving the ability of business, trade and administrative organizations, from developed, developing and transitional economies, to exchange products and relevant services effectively. Its principal focus is to facilitate international transactions, through the simplification and harmonization of procedures and information flows <*>.
<*> From the mission statement of UN/CEFACT.
Globalization of the marketplace is taking place rapidly, with companies sourcing components in one part of the world, assembling them in another part of the world and selling them in yet another. The trend towards transacting business through electronic means is leading to more physical goods flows with smaller and more frequent shipments of goods and commodities. This globalization of markets has resulted in the growing need for even more efficient and effective information flows. The solution to achieving effective information flows across international markets lies in the use of common procedures and processes based on the use of globally agreed standards. Inherent in this approach is the need for precise mechanisms to define the data and for common coding systems to represent specific data items.
Trade and transport status codes are a much needed and required tool to facilitate the exchange of status information on goods, consignments and/or equipment, whenever electronic reporting takes place.
The UN/CEFACT work programme emphasizes the need for developing recommendations, which simplify and harmonize the current practices and procedures used in international transactions. Within this context, the role of the UN/CEFACT Codes Working Group (CDWG) is to secure the quality, relevance and availability of code sets and code structures to support the objectives of UN/CEFACT, including managing the maintenance of UN/ECE Recommendations related to codes. The CDWG prepared this revision of Recommendation 24.
This second edition of Recommendation No. 24 supercedes and replaces the first edition (ECE/TRADE/WP.4/R.1067, September 1995).
At its sixth session in March 2000, UN/CEFACT agreed to adopt the following Recommendation. A list of the countries and organizations represented at this session can be found in Annex 1.
The United Nations Centre for Trade Facilitation and Electronic Business (UN/CEFACT) recommends that Governments and business do implement the Trade and Transport Status Codes in support of a common approach to trade facilitation.
1. This Recommendation establishes a common code list for the identification of status information on goods, consignments and/or equipment.
2. This Recommendation applies in cases where a coded representation is required for the description of trade and transport status codes, for information exchange between parties involved in international trade and transport. It may be applied to all modes of transport.
A. Definitions
3. The following definitions have been adopted for the purposes of this Recommendation:
code: character string that represents a member of a set of values.
code list: complete set of code values for a data item.
consignment: separately identifiable amount of goods (available to be) transported from one consignor to one consignee via one or more than one modes of transport as specified in one single transport document.
data: re-interpretable representation of information in a formalised manner suitable for communication, interpretation or processing.
document: recorded permanent data containing information.
EDI (Electronic Data Interchange): electronic transfer from computer application to computer application of commercial or administrative transactions using an agreed standard to structure the transaction or message data.
EDI message: approved, published, and maintained formal description of how to structure the data required to perform a specific business function, in such a way as to allow for the transfer and handling of this data by electronic means.
electronic business: process of transacting business electronically. This includes the sharing of unstructured or structured business information by any electronic means among suppliers, customers, governmental bodies, service providers and other parties in order to conduct and execute transactions in business, administrative and other activities.
facilitation: implementation of measures leading to the simplification, standardisation and harmonization of the formalities, procedures, documents and operations inherent to international trade transactions.
goods: all materials received from a shipper.
procedure: steps to be followed in order to comply with a formality, including the timing, format and transmission method for the submission of required information.
standardization: development of standards whose purpose is to align formalities, procedures, documents, information, and operations.
status reason: explanation or justification of the status of consignments, goods and/or equipment.
transport status: snapshot of the position and/or condition of consignments, goods and/or equipment at any point in time or place within the full transport or logistical chain.
B. Specific Considerations
4. In international trade there is a requirement to exchange information about the status of consignments, goods, equipment or means of transport at a certain time or place in the logistic chain.
5. More and more, Electronic Data Interchange is used as a means to convey information concerning the movement of goods throughout the transport chain.
6. For tracing and tracking purposes, the concept "trade and transport status codes" has been introduced and UN/EDIFACT messages have been developed to contain this information.
7. In order to ensure consistency in the exchange of information concerning the status of goods, consignments and/or equipment, a common understanding of the concepts "Transport status" and "Status reason" is necessary (see the definitions in section V. A).
8. Users of the trade and transport status codes may choose codes to fulfil the business requirements to suit Transport status or Status reason as they wish.
9. Parties responsible for each stage of a trade transaction in a value chain are encouraged to use the Trade and Transport Codes in conjunction with other applicable UN Recommendations. These include:
UN Recommendation 8 - Unique Identification Code Methodology - UNIC
UN Recommendation 11 - Documentary aspects of the international transport of dangerous goods
UN Recommendation 16 - UN/LOCODE - Code for Ports and Other Locations
UN Recommendation 18 - Facilitation Measures related to International Trade Procedures
UN Recommendation 19 - Codes for Modes of Transport
UN Recommendation 21 - Codes for Types of Cargo, Packages and Packaging Materials.
C. General Considerations
10. Emerging technologies such as those offered through Electronic Business and the World Wide Web are having an increasing impact on the way business is being conducted.
11. The growth in the number of parties using the Internet for commercial or personal purposes will have significant impact on the level of goods being moved across international boundaries.
12. Despite increased numbers of consignments and goods, unnecessary delays can occur because of incorrect or insufficient information related to the clearance and handling of the goods. EDI is one application of information technology specifically designed to address this issue through the electronic exchange of information. International standards such as UN/EDIFACT incorporate the use of various international code lists, such as the Trade and Transport Status Codes. Similarly, other developments using the Internet such as electronic forms, may depend on the use of an international code list.
13. This Recommendation shall be maintained on behalf of UN/CEFACT by the UN/CEFACT Codes Working Group (CDWG).
14. Proposals for updating this Recommendation should be addressed to the Trade Facilitation Section, United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Palais des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland.
15. Draft revisions to the body text and/or code list of this Recommendation shall be issued by the CDWG when required and shall be made available on the CDWG Web page on the UN/CEFACT website at this address: http://www.uncefact.org/.
16. Draft revisions shall be subject to a public comment period of at least two months. UN/CEFACT Heads of Delegation shall be notified of the availability of a draft revision and the period for comment. Following the conclusion of the comment period, the CDWG shall address all comments received. Depending on the comments received, the CDWG shall issue a new draft revision or shall prepare a final revision for approval.
17. Final revisions of the body text of this Recommendation shall be approved by the UN/CEFACT Plenary.
18. Final revisions of the code list of this Recommendation shall be approved by the CDWG Plenary or in the case where the body text has also been revised, by the UN/CEFACT Plenary.
19. The trade and transport code lists are annexed to this Recommendation, as follows:
Annex 2 Trade and transport status codes, listed in code value order.
Annex 3 Trade and transport status codes, listed in code name order.
20. The code lists are presented with the following columns:
Change indicator (CI)
a plus sign (+) for an addition
a hash sign (#) for changes to the code name
a vertical bar (|) for changes to the code description
a letter X (X) for marked for deletion in this edition (will not appear in the next edition)
Code value
3 alphanumeric code value
Code name
Code value name
Code description
Code value description

Annex 1
Countries and organizations in attendance at the UN/CEFACT session where this recommendation was approved.
Participants in the sixth UN/CEFACT session in March 2000 included representatives of the following countries: Albania, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Croatia, Cuba, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, India, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mongolia, Nepal, Netherlands, Philippines, Poland, Republic of Korea, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States. The European Union (EU) was also represented.
The following intergovernmental organizations participated: the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the Danube Commission (CD), the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), the League of Arab States, the Universal Postal Union (UPU), the World Customs Organization (WCO), and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
The following United Nations bodies were also represented: the United Nations Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention (UN/ODCCP), the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), and the World Bank.
The following non-governmental organizations participated: the United Towns Agency for North-South Cooperation, the International Railway Transport Committee (CIT), the International Article Numbering Association (EAN), the European Electronic Messaging Association (EEMA), the International Association of Ports and Harbours (IAPH), the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the International Multimodal Transport Association (IMTA), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications (S.W.I.F.T).
Observers present at the invitation of the secretariat included representatives of the Electronic Commerce Code Management Association (ECCMA), the Electronic Commerce Europe Association (ECEA), the Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards (OASIS), the Taipei EDIFACT Committee, and the Webforce International.

Annex 2
Listed in code value order
CI Code Name
#| 1 Arrival, completed
The goods/consignment/equipment/means of transport has
| 2 Loading, authorized
Authorisation to load has been given.
#| 3 Arrival, in defective condition
The goods/consignment/equipment or a means of
transport has arrived in a defective condition.
#| 4 Defective equipment returned to service
The equipment previously the subject of a "defective
condition" status has been returned to service.
5 Process, begun
The process has begun.
| 6 Booking, completed
The goods/consignment/equipment or means of transport
has been booked.
| 7 Booking, cancelled
The booking of goods/consignment/equipment or means of
transport has been cancelled.
| 8 Cleared, import restrictions
The goods/consignment/equipment/means of transport
held for import restriction purposes, has been released
for import.
| 9 Cleared, export restrictions
The goods/consignment/equipment/means of transport
held for export restriction purposes, has been released
for export.
| 10 Cleared, by agriculture, food or fisheries authorities
The goods/consignment/equipment/means of transport has
been cleared by agriculture, food or fisheries

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